A Cultural History of the Atlantic World, 1250-1820 by John K. Thornton

By John K. Thornton

Precis: A Cultural background of the Atlantic global, 1250–1820 explores the concept that robust hyperlinks exist within the histories of Africa, Europe and North and South the United States. John ok. Thornton offers a complete assessment of the background of the Atlantic Basin sooner than 1830 via describing political, social and cultural interactions among the continents' population. He lines the backgrounds of the populations on those 3 continental landmasses introduced into touch by way of eu navigation. Thornton then examines the political and social implications of the encounters, tracing the origins of a number of Atlantic societies and exhibiting how new methods of consuming, consuming, conversing and worshipping constructed within the newly created Atlantic international. This e-book makes use of shut readings of unique resources to provide new interpretations of its topic.

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The current, unlike the monsoons in the Indian Ocean, is a one-way, constant flow that does not reverse. The Canary current is matched on the other side of the ocean by the Gulf Stream, which flows northward out of the Caribbean, crosses the Atlantic, and then moves to the European coast, bringing warm winds to keep England from being as cold as Canada and producing a distinctly warmer western side than the eastern side of the island. Like the Canary current, the Gulf Stream is a onedirectional flow for the whole year.

Perhaps knowing of this current of no return would have reassured him that Qu would not return to claim his heritage. 17 14 The Atlantic Background The key to crossing and recrossing the Atlantic in sailing craft lies in a special feature of the two opposing currents. In the central Atlantic, not far from the Azores Islands, the outlying eddies of the currents come close to each other. If one is aware that there is an “outbound” current at the Canaries that will take one out into the Atlantic, and that relatively close by to the north there is an “inbound” current in the form of the Gulf Stream, by tacking from one to the other, one can be reassured of a safe return voyage.

The effect of the transfer of markets was telling – the customs records in Seville recorded a shift in origins of slaves from trans-Atlantic sources away from those arriving through North African merchants after having endured the Saharan crossing to those of the same ulitatme origin but having been brought on Portuguese ships. ”46 The Portuguese military-naval failure was probably rooted in the possibilities of land-sea warfare in the time. While Portuguese vessels large enough to withstand Atlantic navigation brought them to Atlantic Africa, these vessels were too large and deep-drafted to navigate effectively in the shallow coastal waters and estuaries of the Atlantic coast.

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