By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this booklet query the tyranny of typological pondering in archaeology via case reviews from a number of South American nations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, finally, how one can create networks that provide meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny may be triumph over in the event that they are used from a serious, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: serious as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed by means of a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as capacity to arrive replacement and suggestive interpretations yet no longer as final and certain destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to stick to they're fairly used as constitutive components of extra advanced and connective materials. The papers incorporated within the booklet are varied in temporal and locational phrases. They disguise from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are similar. they've got in universal their shared rejection of confirmed, naturalized typologies that constrain the best way archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into renowned and predictable conclusions. Their resourceful interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious as a result of their organization with colonial political narratives. in its place, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Additional info for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
Dialectical societies: The Gê and Bororo of Central Brazil (pp. 130ted). Cambridge: Harvard University Press. , Gaspar, M. , & Fish, P. (1999). Some references for the discussion of complexity among the sambaqui moundbuilders from the southern shores of Brazil. Revista de Arqueología Americana, 15, 75–105. DeBoer, W. (1981). Buffer zones in the cultural ecology of aboriginal Amazonia: An ethnohistorical approach. American Antiquity, 46(2), 364–377. , & Rostoker, A. (1996). Ceramic seriation and settlement reoccupation in lowland South America.
Unpublished Master Thesis, University of Illinois. Carneiro, R. (1983). The cultivation of manioc among the Kuikuro Indians of the Upper Xingu. In R. B. Hames & W. T. 65–111). New York: Academic Press. Carneiro, R. (1985). Slash-and-burn cultivation among the Kuikuro and its implications for cultural development in the Amazon basin. In P. ), Native South Americans: Ethnology of the least known continent (pp. 73–91). Waveland Press, Prospect Heights. Carneiro, R. (1986). The ecological basis of Amazonian chiefdoms.
Although site C11 (Lomitas Florideas) possess all the elements of an autonomous political unit, it is effectively connected to El Cedral (C1) by raised earthen causeways (Fig. 4), which point out the existence of institutionalized and permanent ties between these two political units (Rey 2003); moreover, the archaeological sites distribution at the regional level indicates a zone Blind Men and an Elephant 35 VENEZUELA C10 C1 C11 Fig. 4 El Cedral archaeological region showing the location of the primary regional centers of El Cedral (C1) and Lomitas Florideas (C11), and the network of causeways.