Alcohol and Speech by Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni

By Steven B. Chin;David B. Pisoni

''Alcohol and Speech'' serves as a unmarried, unifying reference resource for these attracted to speech motor results obtrusive within the acoustic list, response occasions, speech verbal exchange options, and perceptual judgments. Written by way of a linguist and a psychologist, the e-book offers an analytic orientation towards speech and alcohol with an emphasis on laboratory-based examine in acoustic-phonetics and speech technology. it's a accomplished assessment of the results of alcohol on speech and compares a number of the theoretical issues which shape this examine. reports of either alcohol and speech were infrequent simply because every one box has its personal experimental protocols, methodologies, and learn agendas. This ebook fills a long-standing hole and is exclusive in offering either breadth of insurance and intensity of study. A case examine related to the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Prince William Sound develops many of the felony implications of this study. It illustrates a unified standpoint for the research of alcohol and speech. It comprises the good thing about years of study on alcohol and speech. It offers a wealth of study to investigators in a wide selection of disciplines: medication, psychology, speech, forensics, legislations, and human components. It demonstrates how alcohol and speech learn applies in a realistic state of affairs: the Exxon Valdez grounding. It encompasses a word list in addition to quite a few tables and graphs for a fast assessment of knowledge and effects.

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Additional resources for Alcohol and Speech

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One of our goals is to review and interpret the published literature on alcohol and speech and summarize what is currently known about how alcohol affects speech. A second goal is to identify what areas need further investigation in future research on alcohol and speech. In addition to reviewing research findings that have appeared in the published literature, which was based on our own exhaustive search of journals and books going back to the beginning of the 20th century, we also report new findings on the analysis of speech from our own research program at Indiana University and several other laboratories currently working on these problems.

The first three were considered to be weakening, the fourth strengthening. The change of voiceless segments to voiced segments was revealed spectrographically for stops by an absence of a white portion prior to the burst in low frequencies and by the lack of a return to zero on the sonority intensity curve. In fricatives, the spectrogram showed a more intense darkening in low frequencies and a very slight lowering of the sonority intensity curve. Both stops and fricatives were affected: no instances of the voiceless stops [p t k] could be isolated in the spectrograms, and among the fricatives, changes from [s] to [z] and from [S] to [3] were observed.

The alternative to a wh-question, a yes-no question, "must be used in combination with an information-laden structure that minimizes the need for a complex response" (p. 287). 12 Stitzer, Griffiths, Bigelow, and Liebson, 1981a 161 social stimuli. Although a number of drugs and a number of behaviors were examined, discussion here is limited to alcohol and to verbal behavior. When this article appeared, the authors were affiliated with the Departments of Psychiatry at the Baltimore (Maryland) City Hospitals and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine in Baltimore, Maryland.

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