An Oxford Companion to The Romantic Age: British Culture by Iain McCalman

By Iain McCalman

Iain McCalman(ed.)

For the 1st time, this leading edge reference publication surveys the Romantic Age via all elements of British tradition, instead of in literary or creative phrases by myself. This multi-disciplinary process treats Romanticism either in aesthetic terms-its that means for portray, track, layout, structure, and literature-and as a historic epoch of "revolutionary" variations which ushered in sleek democratic and industrialized society.

McCalman (Australian nationwide Univ.) has assembled a world workforce of specialists, from fields as different as political background, pop culture, literature, faith, and drugs, to be able to create a huge reference paintings at the Romantic age in Britain. the 1st a part of the ebook includes thematic essays grouped into 4 various sections. Eschewing facile generalizations concerning the Romantic period, the authors didn't search to strengthen a unmarried unified subject matter; quite, they sought to regard issues lower than broader headings resembling "Transforming Polity and Nation" and "Culture, intake, and the Arts." by means of focusing the essays during this model, McCalman simply manages to take care of an inner coherence between subject matters. The essays themselves are of top of the range and mirror the most recent scholarship. the second one a part of the ebook includes alphabetical entries of occasions, personalities, innovations, and developments in a few topics. Of specific curiosity are references to the folks and associations that make up the "radical" non secular and political activities of the period, resembling Thomas Spence, Joseph Brothers, and Joanna Southcott, and a number of the societies they joined or encouraged. aimed toward a large viewers, this e-book is a necessary reference instrument. suggested for all public and educational libraries.

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The Highlanders (1822), a work initially conceived as a history of the 42nd regiment, the famous Black Watch. Another product of Scottish militarism was the planned National Monument on Edinburgh’s Calton Hill, which, though never completed, was to be built by public subscription and, at one time at least, was intended to be ‘a hallowed place of record’ detailing the service of all Scots in the war down to the volunteer rank and file. The continuation of the Scottish regiments after the war, maintained from 1825 by permanent depots in the country, played a vital role in the development of Scottish national consciousness.

The nineteenth century’s ‘Great War’, then, like the next Great War, does not appear to have significantly militarized British society. After 1815 the army at home retired to its barracks (now abundantly provided thanks to the war), where its separateness from civilian life was reinforced. Meanwhile the auxiliary forces were disbanded at the first opportunity by a government anxious to economize and even more anxious to be rid of an armed population. The remnants of the ‘armed nation’ that were saved were the yeomanry, the cavalry arm of the volunteers, who were reliable under the gentry and who made a valuable addition to very limited *police resources.

Similarly, the Union flag and the national anthem and some other songs became affirmations of British identity appropriated by all and sundry. It is possible to examine popular attitudes more closely to test the depth of patriotic commitment during the war when, for obvious reasons, it can be expected to have been maximized. In spite of the nation’s military effort, the popular image of the soldier as one who relinquished the freedoms of civilian existence for slavery, exile, and (very likely) horrible death remained firmly fixed.

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