By Aboul-Ella Hassanien, Crina Grosan, Mohamed Fahmy Tolba
This quantity offers up to date, in-depth fabric at the software of clever optimization in biology and drugs. the purpose of the publication is to provide options to the demanding situations and difficulties dealing with biology and medication purposes. This quantity contains of thirteen chapters, together with an outline bankruptcy, offering an up to date and state-of-the examine at the software of clever optimization for bioinformatics purposes, DNA dependent Steganography, a converted Particle Swarm Optimization set of rules for fixing Capacitated Maximal masking place challenge in Healthcare structures, Optimization tools for clinical picture great answer Reconstruction and breast melanoma category. additionally, a few chapters that describe a number of bio-inspired methods in MEDLINE textual content Mining, DNA-Binding Proteins and periods, Optimized Tumor Breast melanoma type utilizing Combining Random Subspace and Static Classifiers choice Paradigms, and Dental photograph Registration. The e-book might be an invaluable compendium for a vast variety of readers—from scholars of undergraduate to postgraduate degrees and likewise for researchers, execs, etc.—who desire to enhance their wisdom on clever Optimization in Biology and drugs and purposes with one unmarried book.
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Extra info for Applications of Intelligent Optimization in Biology and Medicine: Current Trends and Open Problems
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Xm , in a 3-dimensional space as shown in Fig. 7. For every pair of consecutive atoms xi and xi+1 , let ri,i+1 be the bond length which is the Euclidean distance between them. For every three consecutive atoms xi , xi+1 , xi+2 , let θi,i+2 be the bond angle corresponding to the relative position of the third atom with respect to the line containing the previous two. Likewise, for every four consecutive atoms xi , xi+1 , xi+2 , xi+3 , let ωi,i+3 be the angle, called the torsion angle, between the normal through the planes determined by the atoms xi , xi+1 , xi+2 and xi+1 , xi+2 , xi+3 .