By David Hollins
В течение революционных и наполеоновских войн, наиболее последовательным противником Франции была Австрийская Империя.
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Additional info for Austrian Commanders of the Napoleonic Wars 1792-1815
21 ) CHAPTER 3. DIFFERENTIAL ROLE OF ASSET MARKETS 52 then falling monotonically toward exogenous full-employment output. IB This implies Yo = i11 = Y and dy = o. 22) 1ilt=o = dm[(, + boa)(R + a) + aaij + Rabl]----n-. a As long as (A - a) and n have the same sign, output rises after the monetary expansion. However, if (A-a) and n are of opposite signs, then output initially declines after the monetary expansion. However, it is possible to show that A > if and only if n > O. This implies that, in this framework, a monetary expansion necessarily results in a transitory increase in output.
Two issues are worth mentioning here: At first, not only the degree of openness but also the type of exchange rate regime matters for the effects of monetary policy. In the case of EMU, the impact of the ECB's monetary policy within EMU is likely not to be invariant to the UK's choice of exchange rate regime. For the strength and speed of policy transmission within EMU it matters whether the UK targets the pound/ euro exchange rate. Secondly, third-market effects alter the picture. For example, the US and Japan are Germany's most important competitors in world markets despite the fact that Germany's bilateral trade, at least with Japan, is relatively small.
A As long as (A - a) and n have the same sign, output rises after the monetary expansion. However, if (A-a) and n are of opposite signs, then output initially declines after the monetary expansion. However, it is possible to show that A > if and only if n > O. This implies that, in this framework, a monetary expansion necessarily results in a transitory increase in output. 11). It was shown above that this equation contains two positive roots and one negative root. 11) by C(X). 1. 1: Graphical Representation of the Polynomial For positive X, -X < -A implies that C( -X) < 0, and conversely.