Biocultural Diversity in Europe (Environmental History,

The e-book collects a range of the papers offered on the assembly held within the context of the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). spotting the inextricable hyperlink among organic and cultural range, the United international locations academic medical and Cultural association (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the conference on organic variety (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 introduced the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). the 1st assembly for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was once held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence statement, which highlights the idea that of biocultural variety. the eu rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional panorama, delivering a vital and powerful house for integration of organic and cultural range, suggesting the necessity to revise the various present techniques for the evaluation and administration of biodiversity.

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6 Conclusions The long-lasting, complex- and mixed forms of agro-forestry systems and landscapes, such as the polyculture (coltura promiscua), is ascribable and can be associated with different and innumerable agricultural land uses and different kinds of landscape configurations. These landscapes have developed from the intricate historic processes that have produced their cultural identification and evolution over the passage of time.

Biodiv Conserv 24. 1007/s10531-0150965-x Koohafkan P, Altieri MA (2011) Globally important agricultural heritage systems: a legacy for the future. FAO, Rome Loh J, Harmon D (2014) Biocultural diversity: threatened species, endangered languages. WWF Netherlands, Zeist, The Netherlands 18 M. Agnoletti and F. Emanueli Loreau M (2000) Are communities saturated? On the relationship between α, β and γ diversity. Ecol Lett 3:73–76 Loreau M, Mouquet N, Gonzalez A (2010) Biodiversity as spatial insurance in heterogeneous landscapes.

2008; Barbera and Cullotta 2012). Today, the entire Mediterranean is characterized by landscape patterns whose compositions result from countless long and complex cultural and historical processes that developed in an equally complex and varied environment. However, the pressure on these landscapes and their rapid transformation by the current practices of agricultural intensification, crop abandonment and urbanization (Farina 2000; MacDonald et al. 2000; Stoate et al. 2009) into more modern landscapes, calls out for a better definition of some of the more complex traditional ways of using land and its relative rural landscapes.

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