Bioenergy for Sustainable Development in Africa by Edward Smeets, Francis X. Johnson, Grant Ballard-Tremeer

By Edward Smeets, Francis X. Johnson, Grant Ballard-Tremeer (auth.), Rainer Janssen, Dominik Rutz (eds.)

The paintings builds at the result of the COMPETE Bioenergy Competence Platform for Africa, which was once supported through the ecu fee and coordinated through WIP Renewable Energies, Germany. The 5 sections disguise biomass creation and use, biomass applied sciences and markets in Africa, biomass rules, sustainability, and fiscal and socio-economic matters. This necessary paintings is, in impact, a single-source remedy of a key power region in part of the area which nonetheless has loads of unrealised power for development.

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Poor ventilation exacerbates the indoor air pollution and leads to acute respiratory infections (ARI), as well as causing chronic bronchitis, emphysema, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Several studies have also linked childhood exposure to the smoke with asthma, though others have concluded that there is no interrelation. The collection of firewood is a labour intensive and dangerous process and the burden often falls in rural areas in Sub-Saharan Africa upon women and, to a lesser extent, young girls.

It is however notable that the current uses of these species by rural communities have been in existence for millennia being sustainable in terms of resource availability, biodiversity and related ecosystem services. 3 Trade in Bioenergy Products and Services According to Heinimo and Junginger (2009), the development of international trade in biomass for energy purposes is still in its early stages, but grows rapidly as influenced by international climate agreements. Sub-Saharan Africa is considered to become one of the important producers in the long-term, whilst the main demand will be in the OECD countries and South-East Asia.

Kgathi indicate that wood pellets will be a successfully traded commodity due to their low moisture content, high calorific value, stability over time and easy handling which allows for long distance transportation. Pellets would therefore be the most favoured option for using invading woody plant species growing in remote areas with poor infrastructure. Conversion of this resource into tradable pellets could contribute to the creation of small-scale rural industrial enterprises and a diversification of income generating activities for the rural poor.

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