Biology of Rhodococcus by Volker Gűrtler, Robert J. Seviour (auth.), Héctor M. Alvarez

By Volker Gűrtler, Robert J. Seviour (auth.), Héctor M. Alvarez (eds.)

Rhodococcus, a metabolically flexible actinobacteria that's usually present in the surroundings, has received expanding curiosity as a result of its power biotechnological purposes. This Microbiology Monographs quantity offers an intensive evaluation of some of the facets of the biochemistry, body structure and genetics of the Genus Rhodococcus. Following an outline of its taxonomy, chapters conceal the structural facets of rhodococcal mobile envelope, genomes and plasmids, metabolic and catabolic pathways, equivalent to these of fragrant compounds, steroids and nitriles, and desulfurization pathways, in addition to the adaption to natural solvents. extra reports talk about functions of Rhodococcus within the bioremediation of infected environments, in triacylglycerol accumulation, and in phytopathogenic techniques, in addition to the possibility of biosurfactants. a last bankruptcy describes the only real pathogenic Rhodococcus member, R. equi.

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30 Cell Envelope Composition in the Genus Rhodococcus: Covalently Associated Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mycolic Acids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 The Peptidoglycan–Arabinogalactan Complex . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 3 Organisation of the Rhodococcal Cell Envelope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

4 Capsules and Cell Envelope Polysaccharides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Lipoproteins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 5 Biosynthesis of Key Cell Envelope Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 Mycolic Acid Biosynthesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Arabinogalactan Biosynthesis .

2 Fredrickson et al. (2004) Fredrickson et al. (2004) De Marco et al. (2004) LJ2 Wang et al. (2008) RG-14 Leigh et al. (2006) R. pyridinivorans LE2 Wang et al. 1 R. opacus TCH14 Taki et al. 1 R. opacus TCH4 Taki et al. 1 R. opacus TKN14 Taki et al. 1 R. opacus TKN45 Taki et al. 1 R. opacus TKN46 Taki et al. 1 R. koreensis YU6 Jang et al. 1 The list is limited by the number of relevant studies that have been performed and not all strains could be accommodated into existing species. Those species shaded in yellow have been assigned by the respective publication, while those unshaded have been assigned by the current review both using 16S rRNA sequence homology data.

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