By World Bank
Aquaculture - the farming of fish and aquatic vegetation - has turn into the world's fastest-growing meals construction region, while the quantity of untamed fish stuck in our seas and freshwaters declines. From fish meals and prescribed drugs to administration of complete aquatic ecosystems, acquaculture is really altering the face of the waters. raise development, even though, brings elevated possibility, and aquaculture now lies at a crossroads. One course issues towards the large strides in productiveness, focus, and product diversification. one other path issues towards the risks of environmental degradation and the marginalization of small fish farmers. yet one more course invitations aquaculture to champion the bad and supply very important environmental providers to under pressure aquatic environments. altering the Face of the Waters deals a state of the art research of the severe demanding situations dealing with aquaculture, balancing aquaculture's position in monetary progress with the necessity for sound administration of normal assets. The publication additionally offers suggestions on sustainable aquaculture through comparing substitute improvement pathways, putting specific emphasis at the software of classes from Asia to Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin the USA. aimed toward coverage makers, planners, and scientists, this booklet presents a entire body of reference for orienting principles and tasks during this dynamic undefined.
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Extra info for Changing the Face of the Waters: The Promise and Challenge of Sustainable Aquaculture (Agriculture and Rural Development Series)
Risks are higher in freshwaters than in marine waters and higher in tropical than in temperate climates. For example, cholera pathogens are a natural component of tropical waters and can contaminate mollusks even without their exposure to human fecal material. The level of pathogenic microbes in marine waters has been a constraint in the shellfish industry throughout much of the European Union. Infection of humans with fish pathogens has been documented in the United States and Israel (Bisharat and Raz 1996; Weinstein et al.
The safeguards and guidelines would be based on existing international codes and best practices. They should be designed to facilitate greater alignment of external assistance, assist developing INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW 11 countries in establishing an enabling investment climate, and secure responsible foreign direct investment (FDI). Further studies are warranted to acquire a greater understanding of the dynamics of private investment in aquaculture and the means by which public and international support can catalyze private investment in sustainable aquaculture and the transfer of benefits to the poor.
Escapes. 8 Knowledge The impact on wild populations of restocking and ranching programs, or of the escape of farmed fish, is poorly understood. Informed policies and the application of mitigating measures require capacity building and expansion of the knowledge base about interactions between cultured fish and their wild 28 CHANGING THE FACE OF THE WATERS counterparts. It requires assistance in the adoption of codes, training of geneticists, and enhanced regional cooperation and networking to share scarce skills.