Control of Violence: Historical and International by Wilhelm Heitmeyer, Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Stefan Malthaner,

By Wilhelm Heitmeyer, Heinz-Gerhard Haupt, Stefan Malthaner, Andrea Kirschner

Modern societies are more and more faced with types of violence that seem unpredictable and uncontrollable. Are the present keep an eye on regimes resembling police, nation surveillance associations, and felony structures in a position to successfully include phenomena reminiscent of university shootings, terrorism, or violence in fragile states, and what could aid them develop into more suitable? what's the dating among country rule and self-discipline in proscribing violence? Taking an traditionally and the world over comparative viewpoint, the participants to this leading edge publication learn those violent phenomena in addition to the preconditions and mechanisms in their regulate. bearing in mind the essentially ambivalent personality of regulate, they discover how associations and methods of keep watch over retroact on and therefore re-shape societies. furthermore, they tackle normal features of violence regulate in sleek societies equivalent to the idea that of person strength of will, the effect of adjusting social associations and the position of faith. The contributions to this quantity discover violence at the micro-, meso-, and macro-levels of social association, making a cohesive theoretical framework for realizing violence on each one of those degrees. keep an eye on of Violence in glossy Societies should be of serious curiosity to researchers learning violence, really to these learning the phenomenon in a world context, be it from a criminological, a sociological or from a public health and wellbeing perspective.

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Forms of collective violence in particular, such as wars, revolts, or civil strife may contribute toward the disintegration of groups or whole societies and thereby destroy not only the social foundations for socializing and normativizing mechanisms of control, but also the economic prerequisites for control through social redistribution and security systems. Similarly, collective violence can weaken the social and political power of violence-controlling agencies and thus prevent access to apparatuses of repression.

This development, however, is not a linear one. The number of international terrorist attacks dropped by half between 2004 and 2006, while the number of victims decreased by 60%. During the same period, however, acts of domestic terrorism increased by 175% (Coolsaet and Van de Voorde 2008, 20). Because of problems in measuring violence and clearly delimiting definitions and concepts, quantitative statements about terrorist violence must be read with some caution. This makes it all the more important to examine the new challenges for violence control that arise from these issues.

Kirschner and S. ” The sources and mechanisms of control themselves become increasingly opaque and unpredictable from the perspective of the controlled. At the same time, they are also more comprehensive and more accurate, thanks to the advent of new technological possibilities for surveillance and monitoring. The electronic tag becomes the symbol of permanent control in an open milieu (Deleuze 1995, 178). Second, on the state level there appears to be a simultaneous crisis in formal regimes of state violence control both in OECD countries and in the post-colonial states (where the presence of a legitimate state monopoly on violence is the exception rather than the rule).

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