By Crespi, Bernard J., Summers, Kyle, Alexander, Richard D.
Richard D. Alexander is an finished entomologist who grew to become his cognizance to fixing the most complicated difficulties linked to the evolution of human social platforms. utilizing impeccable Darwinian common sense and elaborating, extending and including to the vintage theoretical contributions of pioneers of behavioral and evolutionary ecology like George Williams, William Hamilton and Robert Trivers, Alexander built the main exact and entire imaginative and prescient of human social evolution of his period. His rules and hypotheses have encouraged numerous biologists, anthropologists, psychologists and different social scientists to discover the evolution of human social habit in ever higher element, and lots of of his seminal rules have stood the try out of time and are available to be pillars of our realizing of human social evolution. This quantity provides vintage papers or chapters through Dr. Alexander, each one thinking about a massive subject matter from his paintings. Introductions via Dr. Alexander's former scholars and co-workers spotlight the significance of his paintings to the sphere, describe more moderen paintings at the subject, and talk about present problems with competition and curiosity.
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Extra info for Crespi, B. J., Summers, K. [eds] - Human Social Evolution. The Foundational Works of Richard D. Alexander 
Gurek et al. 2006). Hence, it is quite likely that the fitness of individuals within social groups has been closely linked to cooperativeness and willingness to contribute to group goals over the long course of human history. This is not to say that intergroup competition has been unimportant in human evolution (quite the reverse), but there is every indication that effective mechanisms of opportunity leveling (see ch. 2 and Frank’s introduction thereto) including negative (shame, punishment, coercion) and positive (reputation-based rewards, honors) mechanisms, have been highly effective in aligning the interests of the individual with that of the group in human societies.
A number of researchers have focused on religion as a byproduct of psychological mechanisms that predispose us to believe in unseen but imagined entities, such as gods. Research in this area focuses on identifying aspects of our “environment of evolutionary adaptedness” that might have selected for such tendencies, and on testing for specific psychological mechanisms in this context. Another group of related theories focus on the idea that religious beliefs function to enhance cooperation among individuals within groups.
G. ): pp. 59–78. North Scituate, MA: Duxbury Press. 6. D. W. 1968. Review of On Aggression by Konrad Lorenz and The Territorial Imperative by Robert Ardrey. Bioscience 18:245–248. 7. D. M. 1979. Concealment of ovulation, parental care, and human social evolution. A. G. ). Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective. 436–453. North Scituate, MA: Duxbury Press. 8. Human Childhood Introduction: Altriciality, Neoteny, and Pleiotropy by Paul Turke, University of Michigan Altriciality: Why are human babies helpless?