By Pierre Barrouillet, Henry Markovits
The research of deductive reasoning is without doubt one of the key parts in cognitive psychology. a lot of the preliminary impetus for reviews during this box got here from a developmental point of view, specifically on account of Piaget's concept of formal operations. next examine that tested many of the predictions of this idea has ended in what seem to be rather contradictory conclusions. at the one hand, reasoning is held to be a really precociously obtained, if now not innate, competence, such that very children can cause 'logically'. however, reasoning in adults has been came upon to be so convincingly 'illogical' that the very inspiration of logical competence, even in informed adults has been placed into query. basically, those conclusions can't either be precise, and their carrying on with life displays the expanding fragmentation of reviews of youngsters and of adults. during this context, developmental reviews seem to be serious to an integrative method of reasoning that considers either young children and adults inside a unmarried theoretical and empirical point of view. This factor offers the various extra very important developmental views at the improvement of reasoning.
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Extra resources for Development and Reasoning: A Special Issue of Thinking and Reasoning (Special Issues of Thinking and Reasoning)
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2002) and Klaczynski (in press) point out, these findings cannot be taken to mean that adolescents and adults in general rely more on experiential processing than children. In two studies, we examined age-related changes in a particular heuristic—the “waste not” heuristic (see Arkes & Ayton, 1999; Baron, Granato, Spranca, & Teubal, 1993)— that adults frequently use when making decisions about “sunk costs”. In Study 1, age trends in problems that did and did not involve sunk costs were explored.