DREADNOUGHT GUNNERY AT THE BATTLE OF JUTLAND: FIRE CONTROL by John Brooks

By John Brooks

This new book studies significantly contemporary stories of fireside keep an eye on, and describes the necessities of naval gunnery within the dreadnought period. With a foreword via Professor Andrew Lambert, it indicates how, in 1913, the Admiralty rejected Arthur Pollen's Argo procedure for the Dreyer fireplace regulate tables. Many naval historians now think that, for this reason, British dreadnoughts have been equipped with a procedure that, regardless of being in part plagiarised from Pollen's, was once inferior: and that the Dreyer Tables have been a contributory reason within the sinking of Indefatigable and Queen Mary at Jutland. This ebook presents new and revisionist bills of the Dreyer/Pollen controversy, and of gunnery at Jutland. In fireplace regulate, as with different applied sciences, the Royal army have been open, notwithstanding now not uncritically, to suggestions. The Dreyer Tables have been greater fitted to motion stipulations (particularly these at Jutland). Beatty's losses have been the outcome regularly of poor strategies and coaching: and his battlecruisers could were much more deprived had they been built by means of Argo. It follows the improvement of the Pollen and Dreyer platforms, refutes the fees of plagiarism and explains Argo's rejection. It outlines the German fireplace keep watch over approach: and makes use of modern assets in a severe reassessment of Beatty's strategies in the course of the conflict of Jutland.

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It was no easy matter to hit such an apparently tiny target from a ship that, except in a flat calm, would be rolling, yawing and pitching, and when both ships were steaming on different courses at speeds that might exceed 25 knots. This chapter describes the essential principles of long-range shooting at sea, and a few key instruments that embody those principles. It also introduces those unavoidable ‘terms-of-art’ (in italics on their first appearance) which are indispensable in describing the technical evolution of the rival systems of fire control.

30 PP, ‘Jupiter Letter III’, January 1906, p. 83. ‘Fire Control. An Essay by Captain C Hughes-Onslow, completed August 1909, Section IV, p. 5, PLLN 1/5, Pollen Papers, CC. Fanning, Steady As She Goes (London: HMSO, 1986) pp. 177–8. 32 The Anschütz Gyro Compass (London: Elliott Brothers, 1910) pp. 69–70 and 91–2, Elliott Archive. Automatic course correction was available, but only from some makers, by the early 1930s: Fanning [31] p. 232 and The Gyro-Compass and GyroPilot (London: Sperry Gyroscope, c.

Before reaching that point, the range was decreasing; after it, the range will increase. Assume that the bearing of the moving ship from the stopped one is expressed as a compass-bearing, which is positive when measured clockwise from True North; then if the first ship is moving from left to right, his bearing always increases, though it does so most rapidly at the point of minimum range. e. when their relative movement is expressible as a virtual course-and-speed. e. the angle from own ship’s nominal or mean-course to the line-of-sight.

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