By Masamichi Kato M.D., Ph.D., Tsukasa Shigemitsu Dr. Eng. (auth.), Masamichi Kato M.D., Ph.D. (eds.)
In this e-book, the authors meant to concentration their attempt on describing (1) organic responses of human and animals, either in vivo and in vitro methodologies, to magnetic and/or electromagnetic box publicity, (2) features of potent fields, (3) hypotheses to give an explanation for attainable mechanisms of interplay among the fields and cells, and (4) brought on present in ELF and caused warmth in RF fields as key interplay mechanisms.
The readers may have the present-day finished wisdom approximately organic responses to electromagnetic box exposure.
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Extra resources for Electromagnetics in Biology
1981). 5–2 Hz (type III). As these frequencies are in the same region as those of human brain waves, the possibility of correlation between these ELF electromagnetic phenomena and human activity has been considered. K¨onig et al. conducted an interesting experiment during an automobile traﬃc exhibition in Munich in 1953 (K¨onig et al. 1981). Using visitors as subjects, the correlation between naturally occurred ELF electric ﬁeld and reaction time to light signal was investigated. The results showed that when type I signals were present, reaction time became shorter.
IARC Press Lyon France International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection (ICNIRP) (2003) Exposure to Static and Low Frequency Electromagnetic Fields, Biological Eﬀects and Health Consequences (0–100 kHz). ICNIRP, Munich, Germany. Kalmijn AD (1974) The detection of electric ﬁelds from inanimate and animate sources other than electric organs. , and Teuber HL. Handbook of Sensory Physiology, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, Vol. III/3, 147–200. Kandel ER, Schwaltz JH, Jessell TM (2000) Principles of Neural Sciences 4th ed.
Other SEPs can be obtained from the corresponding cortical areas by applying physiological stimulation to auditory or somatic receptors or by applying electrical stimulation to the peripheral sensory nerves. An SEP is composed of several potentials that are designated according to the polarity and latency of their peak voltages. , its peak, occurs with latency of 100 msec, and P300 is positive potential with a peak amplitude occurring with a latency of 300 msec. Because the analysis of recorded waveforms has advanced greatly during the last several decades, some information on the meaning of these peaks is available.