By Ivan Scrase, Gordon MacKerron
Slicing carbon emissions is pressing yet very difficult in filthy rich democracies. strength for the longer term analyzes the altering contexts, imperatives and fault traces, and proposes methods forwards. higher public engagement and a brand new method of markets are important, yet conventional issues with strength safety and monetary potency can't be put aside.
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Extra resources for Energy for the Future: A New Agenda (Energy, Climate and the Environment)
However, in terms of concrete actions taken, and certainly in terms of deliberately and effectively cutting GHG emissions, the ‘transitional era’ has barely begun for most of the world. 18 Introduction To date, it has proved extremely difficult to find a ‘generally acceptable pathway to a safe and sustainable energy future’, both within individual nations and for the world as a whole. There are a variety of technical solutions available, but these do not map on to a blank political and social canvas.
Significant progress has been made in mapping out international rules on climate change (at both the multilateral and, in the case of the EU, the regional levels). However, there are serious shortcomings in their design and implementation of these rules, on the one hand, and in the commitment of states to engage with them on the other. While these shortcomings have many causes, an important one is the tension with other energy policy objectives such as securing energy supplies at affordable prices.
Indeed, energy was to prove a difficult issue upon which to agree a common European policy. From the 1950s attempts to formulate a common energy policy resulted in very little of substance, and even the 1970s energy crises failed to trigger closer cooperation. On the contrary it largely exposed the differences between states. Beyond some rather general objectives and some funding, mainly on the basis of Euratom and research activities, the ‘Common Energy Policy’ amounted to relatively little (SPRU-RIIA, 1989).