Engineering Principles in Physiology. Volume 2 by J. H. U. Brown, Donald S. Gann

By J. H. U. Brown, Donald S. Gann

Engineering rules in body structure, quantity II covers the mechanisms of cardiovascular structures, breathing, and mobile processes.

This quantity is equipped into 3 elements encompassing 17 chapters. the 1st half describes the constitution, functionality, mechanical homes, flow, and regulate of the cardiovascular procedure. This half additionally examines the mechanism of cardiac pump, the atrial electric task, and the venous approach. the second one half explores the interrelationships among the morphology, body structure, and keep an eye on mechanisms of respiratory. This half additionally considers the mathematical thought of renal functionality. The 3rd half appears to be like into the mobile dynamics and intracellular processes.

This booklet will end up necessary to physiologists, biomedical engineers, and staff within the comparable fields.

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10" 7 cm 2 . The total cross section thus increases from outflow tract to the microcirculation about five-hundredfold. The linear velocity of blood flow must decrease correspondingly, since volume flow (or cardiac output in this case) is equal to linear velocity times cross-sectional area, and no blood is lost from the circulatory system. These general relationships are illustrated for the peripheral circulation of man in Fig. 10. A cardiac output of 5 liter/min has been assumed for the calculation, which for an aorta with a cross-sectional area of 4 cm 2 provides an average linear velocity of about 21 cm/sec.

1. On the basis of the changes in the magnitudes of the harmonics of the pressure pulse and phase velocity with distance, McDonald proposed wave reflections as the primary mechanism involved in the deformation of the pressure pulse (27). From this hypothesis one would expect marked oscillations of the input impedance, with maxima and minima occurring alternately at quarter-length intervals—a behavior which is characteristic for uniform transmission lines and rubber-tube models. This is clearly not the case.

C. A. Wiederhielm, Tissue pressure. " (Y. C. ), Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1972. 46. J. B. Bassingthwaighte, Circulatory transport and the convolution integral. Mayo Clin. Proc. 42, 137-154 (1967). 47. W. N. Stainsby, Some critical Oxygen tensions and their physiological significance. Proc. Int. Symp. Cardiovasc. Respir. Effects Hypoxia. Hafner, New York, 1966. 13. STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE PERIPHERAL CIRCULATION 47 48. A. Noordergraaf, Hemodynamics. In "Biological Engineering" (H.

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