Enlightened reform in Southern Europe and its Atlantic by Gabriel Paquette

By Gabriel Paquette

Efforts to examine the effect of enlightenment idea on nation motion, specifically executive reform, within the lengthy eighteenth century have lengthy provoked stimulating scholarly quarrels. Generations of historians have grappled with the elusive intersections of enlightenment and absolutism, of political rules and executive coverage. so that it will supplement, extend and rejuvenate the controversy which has to this point focused principally on Northern, significant and japanese Europe, this quantity brings jointly historians of Southern Europe (broadly outlined) and its ultramarine empires. each one bankruptcy has been explicitly commissioned to have interaction with a typical set of historiographical concerns as a way to reappraise particular features of 'enlightened absolutism' and 'enlightened reform' as paradigms for the examine of Southern Europe and its Atlantic empires.

In so doing it engages creatively with urgent concerns within the present historic literature and indicates new instructions for destiny examine. No unmarried historian, operating on my own, may possibly write a heritage that did justice to the advanced concerns excited about learning the relationship among enlightenment rules and policy-making in Spanish the US, Brazil, France, Italy, Portugal and Spain. accordingly, this well-conceived, balanced quantity, drawing at the services of a small, carefully-chosen cohort, deals a thrilling research of this old debate.

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19 Even once a range of available ideas had been absorbed and adapted to address Italian circumstances, doubts might remain about their applicability. 22 It is clear that economic commentators were unable to offer government ministers a straightforward, intellectuallycoherent programme of reform; if Enlightenment was to inspire reform, those in government would themselves have to be educated to choose the policies which best suited the circumstances of their states. Alongside this new interest in the content of Enlightenment thought has been a second research agenda, intended to broaden and deepen the setting in which ideas were received.

Carlo Capra, ‘“La mia anima è sempre stata repubblicana”. ), Pietro Verri e il suo tempo (2 vols, Bologna, 1999), pp. 519–35; Davis, Naples and Napoleon, chs 4–6. 27 Davis, Naples and Napoleon, Parts II–III. 26 Chapter 2 ‘Enlightened Reform’ in the Spanish Empire: An Overview Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra Enlightenment historiography has not been kind to Spain and its colonies. The very category of the ‘Enlightenment’ allegedly originated as a reaction to the religious, political, and economic worlds Spain did so much to foster in the early modern period.

15 Enlightenment, Reform, and Monarchy in Italy 29 More complex still was the process by which economic ideas passed through translation. Admiration for the English economic model reached Italy through French translations of English writings. In the case of John Cary’s 1695 Essay on the State of England, the translation by Vincent de Gournay and Georges-Marie Butel-Dumont included additional material as well as offering a distinct interpretation of the original. 19 Even once a range of available ideas had been absorbed and adapted to address Italian circumstances, doubts might remain about their applicability.

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