Ethno-nationalism, Islam and the state in the Caucasus : by Moshe Gammer

By Moshe Gammer

With the sector of the Caucasus with its ongoing, or even deteriorating, obstacle and instability and its strategic and monetary significance more and more on the entrance of the world's realization, this quantity offers and discusses the various complexities and difficulties bobbing up within the sector comparable to Islamic terrorists and al-Qaida.

Scholars from assorted disciplines who concentrate on the Caucasus examine key issues such as:

  • discussions of grass root perceptions
  • the impression of casual energy constructions on ethnic conflicts within the Caucasus
  • Russian rules in the direction of Islam and their destabilising effect
  • the effect of Islamic revival at the criminal and social situations
  • nationalism and the revival of pre- and sub-national identities
  • shifts in identification as mirrored in demography
  • reasons for the Chechen victory within the first Chechen war
  • the involvement of Islamic volunteers in Chechnya.

With the placement in Chechnia more likely to unfold around the whole North Caucasus, this innovative paintings should be of serious worth within the close to destiny and may curiosity political scientists and nearby specialists of Russia, imperative Asia, Caucasus, center East and Turkey, in addition to NGOs, govt corporations and imagine tanks.

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Extra info for Ethno-nationalism, Islam and the state in the Caucasus : post-Soviet disorder

Sample text

The main instrument of such a relationship is barter in benefits. This has created a special market. Problems are solved by personal contacts and private agreements. 41 One can compare this to the ‘shadow market’ in the economy. This ‘shadow market’ in politics becomes an integral part of the modern system of redistribution. Thus while in the West the most significant factor in the formation of political elites is social background, in Russia the prime factor is previous connections to Soviet nomenklatura, ethnic identity and loyalty to a leader.

A. Kriger (eds), Sovetskoe ugolovnoe pravo. Chast’ osobennaia, Moscow: Moscow State University, 1964, pp. 393–394. 7 See Chapter 6 in this book. 8 Author’s field notes, Kabardino-Balkaria, 1999. 9 See D. V. Makarov, Offisial’nyi i neoffisial’nyi islam v Dagestane, Moscow, 2000, pp. 14, 74. 10 In 1996 a presidential decree reorganised the secular (Russian) courts of justice and introduced the shari‘at. In 1997 Chechnya proclaimed itself officially an Islamic state and the shari‘at its only civil and criminal law.

They skilfully manipulate issues of ethnic identity and status and use them as a ‘trade commodity’ in exchange transactions on the political market. As a result, a group either establishes hierarchical relationships between itself and other groups so as to occupy a superior position, or dehumanizes all outsiders. I analyse ethno-political conflict as a form of interethnic confrontation related to demands to change the political space. The main characteristic of a conflict is not the presence of competing sides, but rather the presence of a dividing line that one is not to trespass.

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