Everyday Life and Politics in Nineteenth Century Mexico : by Mark Wasserman

By Mark Wasserman

During this new and masterful synthesis, Wasserman exhibits the hyperlink among traditional males and women-preoccupied with the calls for of feeding, garments, and supplying shelter-and the elites' hope for a reliable political order and an increasing economic climate. the 3 key figures of nineteenth-century Mexico-Antonio L?pez de Santa Ana, Benito Ju?rez, and Porfirio D?az-are engagingly reinterpreted. however the emphasis during this e-book is at the fight of the typical humans to hold keep watch over over their daily lives. matters vital to village existence have been the appointment of police officers, imposition of taxes on Indians, the trustworthiness of neighborhood clergymen, and alterations inland possession. groups usually their leaders into one political camp or another-and even into war-out of loyalty. Excesses in partisan politics and local antagonisms gave upward thrust to just about 80 years of warfare, leading to the nation's monetary stagnation among 1821 and 1880 and the mass migration of girls from the nation-state to town. The industrialization of city employment perpetually altered gender kin. in the course of wartime, ladies acted because the provide, transportation, and scientific corps of the Mexican armies. additionally, with larger frequency than has been identified, ladies fought as squaddies within the 19th century. This account of Mexico from Independence to the Revolution combines vigorous motives of social background, political and monetary switch, and gender kinfolk. Wasserman bargains a well-written, considerate, and unique background of Mexico's 19th century that may attract scholars and experts alike."At lengthy final, a clear-headed, non-romanticized, and non-adversarial research of daily life and politics around the giant sweep of a century of swap and rebirth. it is a first-class e-book, specialist and hugely accessible."—Professor Timothy E. Anna, college of Manitoba

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As a result of these cumulative charges, many peons fell hopelessly in debt. The hacienda, for the most part, limited individual indebtedness to no more than fifty pesos or ten months’ wages. The highest amount owed by a peon on the books was 137 pesos (more than two years’ salary). Corporal punishment was an ongoing part of hacienda culture (though obviously not accepted by the victims) and abuses were not uncommon. One of the Sánchez Navarros’ mayordomos, Atanacio Muñoz, was particularly brutal, employing a club (whipping was illegal) to discipline miscreants.

Shepherds and cowboys (vaqueros) earned more than common laborers: five pesos a month and two pecks of corn (a peck equals a quarter bushel or eight quarts) a week. Peons generally earned two or three pesos a month and one or two pecks of corn a week. These modest wages hardly covered an average family’s necessities. However, peons incurred much of their debt because of religious fees for baptisms, marriages, and burials rather than through the purchase of necessities. As a general practice, the local cleric billed the estate for these services and the hacendado then added this sum to a peon’s account.

Legend swirled around him. Some said he had “a way with women,” siring innumerable illegitimate children. Others claimed he was addicted to cockfighting and opium. Perhaps most famous was the story of the leg he lost in defense of the homeland. In 1838 France landed troops in the port of Veracruz in order to collect claims for damages to the property of its citizens living in Mexico. Santa Anna lost his leg below the knee to 17 18 Antonio López de Santa Anna a French cannonball while leading a cavalry charge.

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