By Karen E. Ferree
Post-apartheid South African elections have borne an unmistakable racial imprint: Africans vote for one set of events, whites aid a special set of events, and with few exceptions, there is not any crossover vote casting among teams. those balloting trends have solidified the dominance of the ruling African nationwide Congress (ANC) over South African politics and became South African elections into "racial censuses." This publication explores the political assets of those results. It argues that even if the beginnings of those styles lie in South Africa's previous, within the results apartheid had on citizens' ideals approximately race and future and the reputations events solid in this interval, the persistence of the census displays the ruling party's skill to exploit the powers of workplace to avoid the competition from evolving clear of its apartheid-era get together label. via retaining key competition events "white," the ANC has rendered them powerless, solidifying its carry on energy regardless of an more and more restive and disenchanted voters.
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Extra info for Framing the Race in South Africa: The Political Origins of Racial-Census Elections
Jobs are quintessential private goods. A politicized job allocation process – the provision of jobs in exchange for political support – is the hallmark of many clientelistic party machines. A bloated public sector and large government wage bill are therefore often taken as symptoms of clientelism (Alesina et al. 1998; Robinson and Verdier 2002; Gimpelson and Treisman 2002; Gibson and Hoffman 2007). This measure is far from ideal. The mere presence of a large number of public-sector jobs does not necessarily indicate a politicized allocation process (jobs may be allocated according to rational, merit-based criteria, not political support).
This book suggests that the origins of census elections rest not in identity, as is often assumed, but in politics. In South Africa, a particular set of beliefs about political parties drives the racial census. These beliefs originate in apartheid, but politics drives their preservation: the active and resourceful efforts of the ANC, through campaigns and the control of African political talent, to prevent its competitors from altering their images to become more credible in the eyes of African voters.
Snyder and Michael M. Ting. ” American Journal of Political Science, 46(1), January 2002: 90–110. 18 Framing the Race in South Africa the fate of their group is an informative and easily acquired predictor of their fate as an individual. They consequently evaluate parties based on the groups they believe the parties support and favor and the groups they believe the parties oppose. ” The origins of these beliefs are not hard to understand: The NNP ruled during the entire apartheid period, putting in place an artifice of racially defi ned set of policies that severely discriminated against Africans.