By Ewa Mazierska
Opposite to the belief that Western and jap ecu economies and cinemas have been very diversified from one another, they really had a lot in universal. After the second one global conflict either the East and the West followed a combined method, containing parts of either socialism and capitalism, and from the Eighties most often of Europe, albeit at an asymmetric velocity, the neoliberal time table. This e-book examines how the commercial structures of the East and West impacted hard work through targeting the illustration of labor in ecu cinema. utilizing a Marxist standpoint, it compares the placement of staff in Western and jap Europe as represented in either auteurist and renowned motion pictures, together with these of Tony Richardson, Lindsay Anderson, Jean-Luc Godard, Andrzej Wajda, DušanMakavejev, Jerzy Skolimowski, the Dardenne Brothers, Ulrich Seidl and so forth.
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Additional resources for From Self-Fulfilment to Survival of the Fittest: Work in European Cinema from the 1960s to the Present
Their chief goal, the highest possible productivity of work, and the means to achieve it by increased division of labour and disciplining the body of a worker, contradicts the Marxist ideal of creating a full, balanced personality by nonalienated work. Although Taylor was of an opinion that the workers should benefit from the fruits of their work and achieve more than the minimum wage if they were efficient, he did not believe that pay should rise in the same proportion as output; smaller increments would force the worker to remain ambitious (Maier 1970: 31) and allow the capitalist to amass and reinvest his wealth.
Frederick F. Taylor and Henry Ford are regarded as its twentieth-century pillars. HOMO FABER AND THE WORK OF CINEMA . 29 Preoccupied with the problem of labour slowdowns, Taylor timed basic work actions, developed programmed task instruction cards for employees, recommended factory planning departments, and devised wage scales based on piece work, such that a productive worker would share in the extension of output, but would fall below a subsistence wage and be forced to quit when he proved inefficient (Maier 1970: 29).
Overtly or covertly they deal with the question of good versus bad work, useful and useless, as seen from different perspectives, most importantly by workers themselves and those consuming the fruits of their work. All these authors engage with the question of ideology and class, but the most influential authors in this area are Antonio Gramsci (1977), Louis Althusser, especially in his essay ‘Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses’ (1971) and Georg (György) Lukács in History and Class Consciousness (Lukács 1971, especially 46–82).