Gender and Cancer in England, 1860-1948 by Ornella Moscucci

By Ornella Moscucci

This quantity specializes in gynaecological melanoma to discover the ways that gender has formed clinical and public future health responses to melanoma in England. Rooted in gendered perceptions of melanoma threat, scientific and public healthiness efforts to lessen melanoma mortality given that 1900 have prominently certain women’s cancers. girls have additionally been key members within the ‘war’ on melanoma via their numerous roles as clinical practitioners, midwives, nurses, healthiness viewers, radiotherapists and cytotechnicians. Moscucci’s learn lines this complicated heritage from the institution of ‘early detection and therapy’ rules aimed toward cervical melanoma, to the debatable improvement of prophylactic oophorectomy as a method for the prevention of ovarian melanoma. Women’s cancers are hugely noticeable in smooth English society as symbols of growth in melanoma remedy and prevention. The account provided during this quantity finds a distinct tale, marked by way of hopes and fears, expectancies and disappointments.

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88 The picture became more confused than ever during the 1930s as the official statistics of cancer mortality in Britain since 1900 revealed a sharp rise in the mortality from cancer of the prostate (365 per cent). During the same period cancer of the ovaries and of the fallopian tubes showed a 120 per cent increase, while breast cancer mortality was up by a more modest 23 per cent. 89 Commenting on these figures, the Chief Medical Officer to the Ministry of Health George Newman expressed some doubt that better diagnosis and certification on their own could explain the figures: One would not expect diagnostic methods to affect one sex to a greater extent than the other, so that it may be said that part of the increased mortality which is affecting males more than females, and certain organs more 38 O.

661. 43.  260–2. 44. Hurdon, Cancer of the Uterus, p.  290. 45. Haviland, Geographical Distribution. See the obituaries published in The Lancet and in the British Medical Journal: ‘Obituary: Alfred Haviland MRCS’; ‘Obituary: Alfred Haviland MRCS’. On disease mapping, see Barrett, Disease & Geography; Gilbert, ‘Pioneer Maps’; Koch, Cartographies of Disease; Koch, Disease Maps. 48. Haviland, Geographical Distribution, p. v.  179–82. 49.  91. 50. Ibid. On malaria see Worboys, ‘From Miasmas to Germs’.

The Nature and Treatment of Cancer. London: Taylor and Walton, 1846. Williams, W. R. A Monograph on Diseases of the Breast. Their Pathology and Treatment, with Special Reference to Cancer. London: John Bale and Sons, 1894. ———. The Natural History of Cancer with Special Reference to Its Causation and Prevention.  Heinemann, 1908. ———. ‘The Prevalence of Cancer and Its Increase’. The Lancet 2 (1904): 445–47. ———. Uterine Tumours: Their Pathology and Treatment. London: Baillière, Tindall and Cox, 1901.

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