By Peter Monteath
From Beehive nook and Bert Flugelman's polished balls in Rundle Mall to the vineyards, church buildings and cemeteries of the Barossa Valley, tangible symptoms of South Australia's Germans are all over the place to be visible. Too usually, notwithstanding, 'the Germans' are considered as a unmarried crew within the state's historical past. if truth be told extra advanced and intriguing.
Those who got here throughout the colony's first many years generally spoke a typical language, yet have been divided by way of modifications of state, tradition and sophistication. They have been farmers from Silesia and Brandenburg, missionaries from Dresden, liberals from Berlin, retailers from Hamburg, miners from the Harz mountains or erudite graduates from the superior universities on the planet. They introduced an remarkable number of wisdom and skills, and have been destined to make a distinction in lots of fields.
No much less assorted were the reviews in their descendants and newer arrivals. Germans were praised as version electorate, whilst over-achievers. yet now and then they've got additionally been accused of divided loyalties or barefaced treachery.
The essays accumulated right here discover the a number of origins, stories and contributions of Germans in South Australia over a few a hundred seventy five years. half party and half sober review, this booklet is helping make feel of South Australia at the present time.
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Additional info for Germans: Travellers, Settlers and Their Descendants in South Australia
Finally, there remain several unanswered questions. Above all, the man Koeler remains an enigma. Why is he not mentioned in all sources? Why did he not note any dealings with official bodies or white settlers? Why did he not work as a medical practitioner? Why does he provide conflicting dates for his stay? Are any other of his notes still in existence? A visit to the Geographical Society of Berlin may be a start, a visit to his descendants (if he had any) and his family may also be useful. Now that his work has now finally appeared in translation,14 it can only be hoped that it will stimulate others to continue investigating these issues.
2 Angas also instructed the missionaries to learn the indigenous language and customs, to establish a school, and to set up a settlement at the Murray–Darling junction, where they could teach the Aborigines civilised living, agriculture and Christianity. Angas had lent money to a group of persecuted Lutherans in Germany to enable them to migrate to South Australia in 1838. He assumed that, together with their pastor, August Kavel, they would settle near the missionaries and provide the material support and skills the Aboriginal mission settlement would need.
However, after 1838 the government had no interest in preserving Aboriginal society or assisting Aboriginal settlement. The missionaries were left to founder on their own small plots as they attempted to teach Aborigines farming skills. Another area of tension was the judicial system. The government used the missionaries as interpreters for the police, the Protector and the courts, with the result that their other work suffered. The 36 Germans missionaries criticised the application of ‘British justice’ and tried to help Aboriginal prisoners.