By Christopher Corti, Richard Holliday
Gold is utilized in quite a lot of business and clinical functions and debts for over 10 percentage of the yearly call for for steel, worthy billions of bucks each year. whereas a lot has been written concerning the mystique and alternate of gold, little or no has been written concerning the technological know-how and know-how during which it truly is involved.
Edited through revered experts from the area Gold Council, Gold: technology and functions presents researchers with the definitive instruction manual at the present technological know-how and functions of this necessary and lovely valuable metal.
Packed with contributions from the world’s best specialists, this quantity brings in authoritative details from a few sciences, together with chemistry, physics, nanotechnology and metallurgy. The e-book provides a myriad of purposes, starting from electronics to drugs and optics. A finished evaluation bankruptcy offers historic views of the point and every bankruptcy describes strength additional makes use of, together with functions presently being developed.
Gold purposes in Use at the present time Include:
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Additional resources for Gold: Science and Applications
Z. Zhang, J. Liu, D. Cao, F. Bridges, and A. V. Buuren, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2002, 106, 7005. 84. Dipole-dipole plasmon interactions in gold-on-polystyrene composites, K. E. Peceros, X. Xu, S. R. Bulcock, and M. B. Cortie, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2005, 109, 21516. 85. Controlled texturing modifies the surface topography and plasmonic properties of Au nanoshells, H. Wang, G. P. Goodrich, F. Tam, C. Oubre, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, J. Phys. Chem. B, 2005, 109, 11083. 86. Optical properties of mesoporous gold films, A.
F. Hainfeld, D. N. Slatkin, and H. M. Smilowitz, Phys. Med. , 2004, 49, N309. 3. New frontiers in gold labeling, J. F. Hainfeld and R. D. Powell, J. Histochem. , 2000, 48, 471. 4. Colloidal Gold: Principles, Methods, and Applications, M. A. ) (Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 1989). 5. Impact of gold nanoparticles combined to x-ray irradiation on bacteria, A. Simon-Deckers, E. Brun, B. Gouget, M. Carrière, and C. , 2008, 41, 187. 6. Understanding gold chemistry through relativity, H. Schmidbaur, S.
Because the structure is at a size scale that is well below the wavelength of the incident light, it becomes possible to model the optical response using Effective Medium theory. In this scheme the performance of the complex composite structure is modeled as if it were a simple monolithic material, using “effective” values of the refractive indices n and k derived from numerical analysis of experimental data. In a sense the sponge becomes an example of a “metamaterial” with engineered physical properties .