Handbook of materials failure analysis : with case studies by Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf Ph.D., Mahmood Aliofkhazraei

By Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf Ph.D., Mahmood Aliofkhazraei Ph.D.

Handbook of fabrics Failure research: With Case reviews from the Oil and fuel Industry offers an up-to-date figuring out on why fabrics fail in particular occasions, an important aspect in constructing and engineering new possible choices.

This guide covers research of fabrics failure within the oil and fuel undefined, the place a unmarried failed pipe may end up in devastating outcomes for individuals, flora and fauna, the surroundings, and the economic climate of a zone.

The publication combines introductory sections on failure research with a number of actual global case experiences of pipelines and different kinds of fabrics failure within the oil and gasoline undefined, together with joint failure, leakage in crude oil garage tanks, failure of glass fibre bolstered epoxy pipes, and failure of stainless-steel parts in offshore systems, among others.

  • Introduces readers to fashionable analytical ideas in fabrics failure analysis
  • Combines foundational wisdom with present learn at the newest advancements and suggestions within the field
  • Includes various compelling case reports of fabrics failure in oil and fuel pipelines and drilling platforms

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Additional resources for Handbook of materials failure analysis : with case studies from the oil and gas industry

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37 38 CHAPTER 1 Failure analysis of oil and gas transmission pipelines [28] CEPA. Stress corrosion cracking, recommended practices. 2nd ed. Calgary, Alberta, Canada: Canadian Energy Pipeline Association (CEPA); 2007. [29] Blanchard WK, Parkins RN, Delanty BS. Transgranular stress corrosion cracking of highpressure pipelines in contact with solutions of near neutral pH. Corrosion 1994;50 (5):394–408. [30] Johnson JT, Beavers JA, Sutherby RL. Materials factors influencing the initiation of near-neutral pH SCC on underground pipelines.

In: API Conference; 2013. [16] Rosenfeld MJ. O. Smith line pipe. Worthington, Ohio: Kiefner & Associates, Inc; December 2012. [17] Welding, brazing, and soldering. ASM handbook, vol. : ASM International; 2003. [18] AWS. Materials and applications part 2. 8th ed. Welding handbook, vol. 4. Miami, FL: American Welding Society; 1998. [19] ASM. ASM specialty handbook: carbon and alloy steels. Materials Park, OH: ASM International; 1996. [20] The State of the National Pipeline Infrastructure, October 31, US Department of Transportation.

Near-neutral pH SCC cracks are typically filled with iron oxide and therefore exhibit extensive lateral dissolution, where the original crack faces are destroyed [22,26]. 5. Near-neutral-pH SCC is typically associated with corroded crack faces and pipe surfaces where there is inadequate CP, and is not expected to occur where good CP (lower than À850 mV) is present, or where the coating promotes shielding of the CP current [23]. Laboratory tests have shown that near-neutral PH SCC cannot, in general, be reproduced without cyclic loads [33–35].

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