History and Philosophy of Psychology by Michael E. Hyland, Man Cheung Chung

By Michael E. Hyland, Man Cheung Chung

Heritage and Philosophy of Psychology is a full of life creation to the ancient improvement of psychology. Its specified inclusion of rules from either jap and Western philosophies bargains scholars a uniquely extensive view of human psychology.

+ while masking all of the significant landmarks within the historical past of psychology, the textual content additionally offers scholars with little-known yet interesting insights into key questions reminiscent of no matter if Freud rather cured his sufferers; what used to be nude psychotherapy; and have been the early psychologists racist?

+ Encourages scholars to discover the philosophical and theoretical implications of the ancient improvement of psychology

+ Explores key theoretical rules and experiments intimately, with historical past to their improvement and invaluable feedback for additional reading

In this very accessibly-written publication, Chung and Hyland holiday new floor for an introductory textual content by means of referring in a few element to either western and japanese philosophical traditions in tracing the highbrow historical past of psychology. they're devoted to the concept that psychology has regularly been performed in discussion with cultural understandings in regards to the nature of the individual. The authors conceal a large sweep of present mental suggestion, displaying the modern range of the self-discipline. i glance ahead to utilizing this booklet with my scholars – itʼs a truly attractive invitation to a space which has formerly lacked appealing curtain-raisers.
—Peter Ashworth, Professor of academic study, Sheffield Hallam collage

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When we practise Jen, we love ourselves, sustain ourselves and others, and have a desire to develop ourselves and others. e. conscientiousness to others (chung). We do not do to others what we do not do to ourselves, altruism (shu). To practise Jen is to practise the principle of chung and shu. Jen is the internal yardstick for measuring one’s behaviour and conduct, and leads us to carry out our responsibilities and duties within society (Confucius, 551 BC–479 BC/1993, see Chai and Chai, 1973; Cheng, 1991; Cleary, 1993; Eber, 1986; Fingarette, 1972; Hall and Ames, 1987; Lau, 1979; Liu, 1995; Nivison, 1997; Tu, 1985).

Like Weber, Fechner studied medicine at the University of Leipzig, but never qualified as a medical practitioner. Fechner was philosophically informed and made a significant contribution in softening the boundary between empiricism, naturalism and science (Heidelberger and Klohr, 2004). In addition, Fechner is credited with two main achievements. First, he extended Weber’s discovery that the ratio of JND to stimulus intensity is constant. Fechner examined what he called ‘Weber’s law’ in many different modalities and found that the same rule applied.

Associationist philosophers were interested in finding out about the pattern of thoughts, simply by observing their own thoughts. The word ‘associationist’ denotes the fact that one thought tends to be associated with another, as Aristotle first suggested similar ideas are associated. For example, tables and chairs are associated in everyday life, as are socks and shoes. indd 35 11/25/2011 8:35:34 PM 36 History and Philosophy of Psychology The associationist philosophers who gave rise to the first psychology laboratory worked in the 18th and first part of the 19th centuries, and most of them lived in Britain, hence, the term British associationism.

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