HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short by Alan Whiteside

By Alan Whiteside

HIV/AIDS is surely the worst epidemic to hit humankind because the Black dying. As of 2004 an expected forty million humans have been residing with the ailment, and approximately 20 million had died. regardless of speedy clinical advances there's nonetheless no medication and the medication are dear and poisonous. within the constructing global, particularly in elements of Africa, lifestyles expectancy has plummeted to less than 35 years, inflicting a significant decline in fiscal progress, a pointy bring up in orphans, and the upcoming cave in of well-being care platforms. the scoop isn't all bleak although. there were extraordinary breakthroughs in figuring out ailments and constructing medications. as the ailment is so heavily associated with sexual intercourse and drug use, the necessity to comprehend and alter habit has prompted us to re-examine what it capacity to be human and the way we should always function within the globalizing international. This Very brief advent tackles the technology, the overseas and native politics, the attention-grabbing demographics, and the devastating results of the affliction, and indicates how we needs to respond.

Reviews:

Packed with information and convenient reasons of technology. It won't make you a professional. yet you'll understand what you're speaking approximately and you'll have a greater thought of all of the paintings we nonetheless need to do to combat this monster to the floor. Aids-free international site. a necessary read... Readers will achieve figuring out of the clinical, social, political and moral matters taken with this tragic epidemic. AIDSportal web site

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Additional info for HIV/AIDS: A Very Short Introduction (Very Short Introductions)

Sample text

In 12 Western European countries with data for new infections, HIV diagnoses in people infected through heterosexual contact increased by 122% between 1997 and 2002, and most originated from countries with generalized epidemics in sub-Saharan Africa or the Caribbean. Key features of the epidemic A number of points can be drawn from this brief survey. There are differences between and within countries in terms of the size, timing, and location of the epidemics, they are not homogeneous; prevalence rates have risen to levels believed impossible a decade ago; and the epidemic does not respect national borders.

If treatment ceases, the virus will emerge and begin replication again, therefore current therapies have to be taken for life. In resource-poor settings the combination of drugs offered usually includes, as a first line of treatment, two from a class called non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) and one nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor (NRTI). There is evidence suggesting this first-line therapy provides about five years of healthy life before resistance develops. When this occurs, a second line of treatment must be adopted to prolong life.

There are epidemic hotspots. For example, in Brazil national prevalence is well below 1%, but in some cities infection levels of over 60% have been reported among IDUs. African prevalence is higher in urban areas, near major transport routes, and at trading centres than in the rural areas, and some of the highest localized prevalence rates have been recorded at border posts. Sometimes clearly defined groups can be identified, usually those on the margins of society and who face legal or social stigmatization: sex workers, drug users, and men who have sex with men.

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