By Vernon A. Rosario
Homosexuality and Science is the compelling heritage of this extreme, ongoing clinical controversy. the tale starts within the Victorian period, whilst medical professionals have been horrified to find that homosexuality, which they known as "sexual perversion" was once widespreadâ€”probably the results of youth masturbation, they theorized, and likely to bring about psychological weak point and blindness for generations to return. the tale progresses to a global the place homosexual, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual scientists are all for sexuality examine, yet the place the AIDS pandemic has given upward push to "reparative treatment" and ministries that declare to "cure" homosexuality.
This high-interest name indicates how our figuring out of homosexuality has been formed not just by way of theories of evolution, eugenics, endocrinology, neurobiology, molecular biology, psychology, genetics, anthropology, and sexology, but in addition by way of the values of the times.
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Extra resources for Homosexuality and Science: A Guide to the Debates
New York: New York University Press. Blumer, Alder. 1882. ” American Journal of Insanity 39: 22–35. Boerhaave, Hermann.  1742. Academic Lectures on the Theory of Physic. 5 vols. London:W. Innys. Bonnemaison, Julien. 1875. , 25: 664–679. Bowler, Peter. 1989. Evolution: The History of an Idea. Berkeley: University of California Press. Buican, Denis. 1984. Histoire de la génétique et de l’évolutionisme en France. Paris: Presses Universitaires de France. , and Martha Voght. 1976. ” Pp. 112–124 in Sex, Society and History.
Archiv für Psychiatrie 2: 73–108. 36 • Victorian Doctors Tackle Onanism and the Sexual Perversions Woodward, Samuel B.  1856. W. Light. Further Reading This chapter covers a wide sweep of time as well as vast transformations in the history of medicine. Readers interested in learning more about classical and medieval medicine in relation to sex and sexuality can refer to Joan Cadden’s Meanings of Sex Difference in the Middle Ages: Medicine, Science, and Culture (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993).
How could they be cured? Numerous physicians achieved fame and notoriety as “sexologists” at the end of the century and into the early twentieth century: Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Albert Moll, Havelock Ellis, Magnus Hirschfeld, and, best known of all, Sigmund Freud. We enter into a more speculative domain when we try to understand why these concerns about deviant sexuality became so acute in the nineteenth century and why physicians became the arbiters of sexual norms. I can only begin to suggest some answers.