How to Think Straight About Psychology (10th Edition) by Keith Stanovich

By Keith Stanovich

Instructing scholars to develop into larger shoppers of mental research.

Keith Stanovich's typical and hugely acclaimed booklet provides a quick advent to the severe considering talents that would support scholars to higher comprehend the subject material of psychology. the right way to imagine immediately approximately Psychology, 10e is helping scholars realize pseudoscience and have the capacity to distinguish it from precise mental learn, assisting scholars to turn into extra discriminating shoppers of mental information.

Learning Goals
Upon finishing this publication, readers may be capable to:
Evaluate mental claims they come upon within the common media.
Distinguish among pseudoscience and real mental research.
Apply mental wisdom to higher comprehend occasions on the planet round them.

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Additional info for How to Think Straight About Psychology (10th Edition)

Example text

When scientists refer to theories, they do not mean unverified guesses. A theory in science is an interrelated set of concepts that is used to explain a body of data and to make predictions about the results of future experiments. Hypotheses are specific predictions that are derived from theories (which are more general and comprehensive). Currently viable theories are those that have had many of their hypotheses confirmed. The theoretical structures of such theories are, thus, consistent with a large number of observations.

Scientific theories must always be stated in such a way that the predictions derived from them could potentially be shown to be false. Thus, the methods of evaluating new evidence relevant to a particular theory must always include the possibility that the data will falsify the theory. This principle is often termed the falsifiability criterion, and its importance in scientific progress has been most forcefully articulated by Karl Popper, a philosopher of science whose writings are read widely by working scientists.

But their success in making the theory a rich source of after-the-fact explanation robs it of any scientific utility. Freudian psychoanalytic theory currently plays a much larger role as a spur to the literary imagination than as a theory in contemporary psychology. Its demise within psychology can be traced in part to its failure to satisfy the falsifiability criterion (Wade & Tavris, 2008). But the existence of such unfalsifiable theories does real damage. For example, explanations for the cause of autism (in part a genetically determined disorder) were led down a blind alley by psychoanalytic explanations for the condition.

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