Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious by Gustave de Beaumont

By Gustave de Beaumont

Paralleling his buddy Alexis de Tocqueville's stopover at to the United States, Gustave de Beaumont traveled via eire within the mid-1830s to monitor its humans and society. In eire, he chronicles the historical past of the Irish and provides up a countrywide portrait at the eve of the good Famine. released to acclaim in France, eire remained in print there until eventually 1914. The English variation, translated by way of William Cooke Taylor and released in 1839, used to be now not reprinted. In a devastating critique of British coverage in eire, Beaumont wondered why a central authority with such enlightened associations tolerated such oppression. He used to be scathing in his depiction of the ruinous nation of eire, noting the desperation of the Catholics, the distress of repeated famines, the unfair landlord method, and the faults of the aristocracy. It used to be now not marvelous the Irish have been noticeable as loafers, drunks, and brutes once they have been decreased to dwelling like beasts. but Beaumont held out desire that British liberal reforms may heal Ireland's wounds. This rediscovered masterpiece, in one quantity for the 1st time, reproduces the nineteenth-century Taylor translation and comprises an advent on Beaumont and his global. This quantity additionally provides Beaumont's impassioned preface to the 1863 French version within which he portrays the appalling results of the nice Famine. A vintage of nineteenth-century political and social observation, Beaumont's singular portrait deals the compelling immediacy of an eyewitness to background. (20060123)

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Extra resources for Ireland: Social, Political, and Religious

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Ii. p. 70. 26. —Tr. historical introduction . 15 queror greater energy to subdue it, and gives birth to more prudence, more justice, and more humanity, in his relations to the vanquished. If the Anglo-Normans never completely subdued the Irish, if they were unjust and cruel in their government, is it not especially because they did not look upon themselves as linked, without hope of return, to the destiny of the conquered country, and that, seeing England always near as a friendly land, a refuge in case of shipwreck, they were never excited nor restrained in their actions by feeling that success was necessary, and failure without remedy?

I. 50. The claim of England to supremacy over Ireland for four centuries rested on a papal grant, and that grant was conditional. This fact had been so repeatedly recognised by parliaments, ecclesiastical synods, and all other public authorities, that it was universally regarded as a first principle. By adopting the Reformed religion, England clearly voided the grant; and if Ireland remained Catholic, every Irishman acknowledged the pope’s right of resumption. —Tr. 51. —Tr. historical introduction .

Section I. Political Condition of Ireland in the Twelfth Century In the twelfth century the political organisation of Ireland was such that its social forces, infinitely divided, could be held together by no common bond. 9 The same elements of discord and anarchy which incessantly divided the four provinces externally, were also to be found in their internal condition. For, as beneath the same monarch were placed kings who were his equals, though subordinate to him, so beneath the king of each province was an infinity of secondary kings and princes, who were also as equal, as independent, and as 6.

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