Islam in the Baltic: Europe's Early Muslim Community by Harry Norris

By Harry Norris

Arriving in Europe within the 14th century, the Qipchaq Tatars are the longest surviving Muslim humans in Europe. They shape the old middle of the Muslim group within the Baltic States, Belarus and Poland the place Muslims are few in quantity in comparison with these in different elements of the eu Union and in Russia. within the first old learn of this crucial neighborhood, Harry Norris investigates the earliest contacts among the Baltic peoples and the area of Islam. He examines the exchange routes of the Vikings and the early Slavs and Balts who had advertisement kin with Arab retailers, buying and selling in amber, furs, center jap silks and different luxurious goods.Norris surveys the Qipchaq Tatars' background, their Muslim religion, their tradition, their literature and their lifestyles as indigenous Europeans in New Europe this day. He attracts contrasts and similarities among different Muslim groups in Europe, together with the varied immigrant Muslim teams within the Nordic international locations that border the Baltic Sea: Finland, Sweden and Denmark. This booklet is of value to these learning the wealthy cultural historical past of minority teams of ecu Muslims and their place in Europe at the present time, in addition to these attracted to the learn of migration.

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It had its The Qipchāq Tatars and the Karaims 35 capital at Novogrudok (Novogrodek). In the tenth century, the ancestors of the Belarusians were among a number of tribes from the eastern Slavs. Branches of the Kryvichi intermarried with several of the tribes of the Balts, including the Yatviangians. A number of their gods were nearly identical in their functions. The river Niamunas, or Neman, flowed through their territories and it gave its name to the goddess of war. Kupala was an ancient water goddess.

For some time it was the seat of their Muftiate prior to its establishment in Vilnius in l925. 14 It has received only limited attention despite its massive volume of facts, its broad scope in its original research and its individuality. 15 The Qipchāq Tatars and the Karaims 39 In many pages of Ramzī’s work there are nuggets of original and little known historical data, even if much else has been gleaned from others. From his book, one may obtain a comprehensive picture of the cultural roots of the Muslim Tatars, extending from Siberia to the Polish border, and from the Arctic regions to the Black Sea.

It was either cremated, or buried, or it was frozen. Duke Algirdas was cremated with his weapons and with eighteen horses, in l377. Duke Kestutis was burned in a like manner, in l382. Even as late as l4l3 – when Muslim Tatars were already settled in the land – there was a cremation of a body in full dress. In l336, bodies were cremated after the decapitation of an entire tribe when they were confronted by the onslaught of the Teutonic Knights who had threatened them with a forced conversion. Fire was sacred.

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