Lexikon proto‑borealicum et alia lexica etymologica minora by Sorin Paliga

By Sorin Paliga

The 1st half is represented via a tentative lexicon of the Indo-European, Uralic and Altaic universal background, in response to the record of Nikolaj Dmitrievič Andreev, with different reviews and additions.
The different smaller dictionaries check with the elemental a hundred Slavic roots, the proofs of a velar spirant or laryngeal in Proto-Romanian as a substratum (Thracian) historical past and a thesaurus of a few easy Lithuanian mythological phrases (in Romanian)

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21) *B-L- ‘tall; height’ Khanty PeL-ät ‘height’ Cymr. BaL-in ‘tall’ Mansi BoL-)on ‘(sea) wave’ Old Sl. BoL-jiji ‘big, great’ Skr. BáL-a ‘tall tree; power’ • Cf. Rom. bal", balaur(e) ‘a dragon’ (typical mythic figure of the Romanian tales). The forms are presumably of Thracian origin, cf. oi ‘three dragons’, the name of a Thracian group. The preservation of intervocalic -l- is normal in the indigenous Thracian elements (against its regular rotacisation in the Latin elements v. g. caballus > cal).

TeK-ù ‘I walk’ __________________________________________________________________ 57 Lexica Etymologica Minora __________________________________________________________________ Cymr. TeB-et ‘a walk’ (*TeP- < *TeKw) Cymr. go-DeP ‘a ground, a field (for competition, battle)’ (< *TeP- < *TeKw) *-)lost its labial component in the centum languages, and thus became G. In the Tungus-Mand)ur languages, the reflex was a combination of an unvoiced velar spirant with a voiced sonant, usually accompanied by a vocalisation of the latter by which the velar spirant was weakened to a pharyngal sound.

G0-xü; see also # (9). Velar spirants and long sonants. In Uralic and Altaic, the velar spirant is preserved as such: Ex. (132) *Y-X- ‘to hunt’: O. Germ. JA-g%n, Vedic Y,-van, Evenki Ï-mka-; Ex. (141) *W-X- ‘a sheath; vagina’: Skr. 1-rú-, Lat. V,-g2na, Udegej WA, Lat. V,-rus; Ex. (14) *N-X- ‘nose’: Lat. N,-ris, Skr. NA-kra; Ex. (138) *L-Xw ‘shovel; to dig’: OCS LO-pata, O. Ir. :%) Therefore a long sonant is often in agreement with not only the evolution of root structure J1–H2– but also with the evolution of the type H1–J2–.

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