Lost Londons: Change, Crime, and Control in the Capital by Paul Griffiths

By Paul Griffiths

An important research of the transformation of early glossy London. via concentrating on policing, prosecution, and the language and perceptions of the specialists and the underclasses, Paul Griffiths explores the speedy development of London and the adjustments to its cultures, groups, and environments. via a chain of thematic chapters he maps troublesome areas and other people; reconstructs the ambience of the streets; and lines the improvement of policing within the urban. The ebook supplied the 1st complete research of petty crime ahead of 1660, analysing worlds and phrases of crime, legal jewelry and cultures, and monitoring altering meanings of crime to bare replacement emphases on environmental crimes and crimes devoted by way of girls. It additionally examines the major roles of Bridewell legal, hospitals, clinical provision, and penal practices, laying off mild on research, detection, surveillance, and public prosecution. seen via this interesting account, town won't ever glance an identical back.

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Additional info for Lost Londons: Change, Crime, and Control in the Capital City, 1550-1660 (Cambridge Social and Cultural Histories)

Example text

But his spin-doctoring Londinopolis (1657) was written to drum up pride in the ‘imperial chamber’ or ‘chief emporium of Great Britain’. 34 The City, too, could slip from lofty grandeur to seedy crime in the short space of a few sentences of the same order/pronouncement, juxtaposing optimism and pessimism for effect. 35 Magistrates did not flit from one seemingly contradictory rhetoric to another without purpose. There was a grain of truth in each positive or negative note. 36 Differing ideas of dilapidation and elegance were meant to persuade people of the need to improve the environment.

308, 423; 6, fos. 16, 387–7v; 7, fo. 128v. LMA Letterbook S, fo. 69; Waddington, Considerations, pp. 9–10, 16v; The Humble Petition of Thomas Stanley . . ; John Howes’ MS, pp. 14, 16–17; Munday, Briefe Chronicle, p. 379. It seems that the first use of the term artmaster in surviving sources was in 1597, although there is a gap in Bridewell books from 1579–98. See Waddington, Considerations, pp. 18–19; J. G. White, A Short History of the Royal Hospitals of Bridewell and Bethlem (1899), pp. 7–8.

There are no better records to study petty crime before 1660. None so bulky that let us go so deep into street life or what it meant to be vagrant or pregnant with nowhere left to turn. There are vagrants on almost all pages, 74 75 Archer, Pursuit of Stability, p. 238; Dabhoiwala, ‘Summary justice’, 801. Dabhoiwala, however, imposes a later reading on early Bridewell process. He thinks that the court ‘met every two or three weeks’ up until the second quarter of the eighteenth century. In fact, it met more often than this early on.

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