Mamluk Economics: A Study and Translation of al-Maqrīzī's by Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Maqrīzī, Adel Allouche

By Aḥmad ibn ʻAlī Maqrīzī, Adel Allouche

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Extra info for Mamluk Economics: A Study and Translation of al-Maqrīzī's Ighāthah

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17 The Date of Al-Maqrizi's Ighathah French Orientalists were first to recognize the importance of al-Maqrizi's works: parts of Suluk that dealt with the 1249-50 crusade of St. Louis against Egypt were translated by D. D. 18 In 1796, Silvestre de Sacy (d. 1838) published a translation of Shudhur al-'uqud fi dhikr al-nuqud under the Page 5 title Traité des monnoies musulmanes. 21 Four decades later, E. de Quatremère (d. "22 In 1962, Gaston Wiet (d. 1971) published a translation of Ighathah, based on the 1940 Cairo edition by Muhammad Mustafa Ziyadah andJamal al-Din al-Shayyal.

This was worsened by a plague and an epizootic, thus strengthening the belief in a divine punishment. This situation prompted al-Maqrizi to present his views of the causes of the crisis in a separate monograph appropriately entitled Ighathat al-ummah bi-kashfal-ghummah [Helping the Community (or the Nation) by Examining the Causes of Its Distress]. This work became a reference for students of the medieval economic history of Egypt and its importance did not escape the attention of the erudite Gaston Wiet, who published in 1962 a French translation based on the 1940 Cairo edition, the same edition that is followed in the present translation.

Beef Prices 116 Abbreviations 118 Notes 119 Bibliography 142 Index 157 Page ix PREFACE Chronicles contemporaneous with the rule of the Circassian Mamluks in Egypt abound in criticism of the maladministration and unorthodox financial practices of these rulers. Their authors complain about the general decline of the country, particularly the suffering of the lower classes and the poor, and often attribute it to the lack of adherence to moral and religious precepts by the state. The religious education of these historians leads them, in typically medieval fashion, to link morality, piety, and economics.

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