By V.B. Gupta, V.K. Kothari
Manufactured Fibre Technology presents an obtainable and entire therapy of the chemical, actual and mechanical strategies fascinated with the construction of all vital commodity synthetic fibres and many of the commercial fibres. The emphasis is at the primary rules and commercial elements of construction. most up-to-date advancements in synthetic fibres by way of production approaches, features and their functions also are coated.
Manufactured Fibre Technology is designed round twenty chapters with a stability of simple ideas and construction of particular fibre varieties. more moderen and industrially suitable components resembling excessive pace spinning, creation of speciality fibres (including microfibres), laptop simulation of spinning, excessive functionality fibres, spun-bonding and melt-blowing, and re-use of fibre waste are integrated. The constitution, estate and alertness components of every fibre kind also are mentioned, therefore supplying a huge figuring out of the topic. furthermore, quite a few facets concerning the trying out and characterisation of fibres and polymers are reviewed.
This ebook is a useful source to scholars, teachers, commercial technologists and researchers during this topic area.
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Extra info for Manufactured Fibre Technology
There have been significant developments which have enhanced our understanding of molecular motion during flow; some of these are reviewed in Chapter 3. Molecular orientation and crystallinity in fibres 17 Fig. 1 Segmental motion in a polymer by rotation of about two carbon-carbon bonds in a chain molecule. The new position occupied by the segment is shown in light shade. The hole which provided room for this jump is displaced to the left as a consequence. 3 MOLECULAR ORIENTATION AND CRYSTALLINITY IN FIBRES High molecular weight alone will not ensure desirable mechanical properties.
The degree of orientation of the fibre is also crucial; higher orientation means greater resistance to deformation, greater breaking load and relatively lower extension to break. These attributes render the fibre more suitable for the desired uses. The role of molecular orientation of the long polymer chains in enhancing intermolecular cohesion is of considerable importance in fibres. Most simple compounds can form crystals in which individual molecules are arranged in a regular fashion. So, too, many polymers can crystallize, but with the important difference that instead of entire molecules, only parts of molecules are incorporated into crystalline regions.
Second generation fibres. ). 3. High temperature fibres. This category comprises fibres used in many industrial, military and aerospace applications for extended periods of time at temperatures of 200-400°c. High temperature fibres include aromatic polyamides and other similar fibres. 4. High performance fibres. The final category comprises those fibres with the necessary dimensional stability and light weight required for end uses that involve high temperatures, high tensile or compressive load and hostile environments.