By James Davis
This significant new learn examines the marketplace exchange of medieval England from a brand new viewpoint, by way of offering a wide-ranging critique of the ethical and felony imperatives that underpinned retail alternate. James Davis indicates how market-goers have been stimulated not just by way of sensible and fiscal concerns of expense, caliber, offer and insist, but additionally through the ethical and cultural atmosphere in which such offers have been performed. This ebook attracts on a huge variety of cross-disciplinary proof, from the literary works of William Langland and the sermons of medieval preachers, to country, civic and guild legislation, Davis scrutinises daily marketplace behaviour via case experiences of small and massive cities, utilizing the proof of manor and borough courts. From those various resources, Davis teases out the complicated courting among morality, legislations and perform and demonstrates that even the impact of latest Christian ideology was once now not unavoidably incompatible with effective and ecocnomic daily trade.
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Additional info for Medieval Market Morality: Life, Law and Ethics in the English Marketplace, 1200-1500
42 Britnell estimated that by 1300 there was a substantial non-agrarian sector (perhaps 20 per cent of the population) dependent upon producing goods and services for sale. 43 In this analysis, monetarisation, urbanisation and market facilities increased in proportion to demographic expansion. Indeed, in addition to the needs of the rural peasantry, urban expansion itself both fed and generated demand. 44 Ambitious landlords were drawn into producing for the market in order to profit from increasing levels of consumption, and their success was aided by buoyant prices, high rents and cheap labour.
16–40; Wood, Medieval Economic Thought, pp. 206–9. 30 Medieval market morality same time, many medieval writers and moralists remained tied to traditional condemnations of trade. This was the bewildering context in which economic thought was shifting and contemporary writers tried to fit changes into conventional justifications. Legislators also shaped laws that could suit both moral assumptions and vested interests, and the enforcement of law could be flexibly interpreted and enacted. This book will demonstrate the complexity and intimacy of the interrelationship between morals, law and reality.
By the sixteenth century, women brewers were seemingly fewer in number and brewing for sale became a more full-time, male occupation. Economic and social changes also precipitated an important realignment in the hierarchy of local marketing centres. Village markets frequently floundered in the new competitive environment, while many larger boroughs also struggled. 71 Many historians have turned their attention away from large provincial towns towards the smaller market towns that peppered the country.