Memory, Trauma, and History: Essays on Living with the Past by Michael S. Roth

By Michael S. Roth

In those essays, Michael S. Roth makes use of psychoanalysis to construct a richer realizing of background, after which takes a extra expansive notion of historical past to decode the cultural development of reminiscence. He first examines the improvement in nineteenth-century France of scientific standards for diagnosing reminiscence problems, which sign basic adjustments within the realizing of current and earlier. He subsequent explores hyperlinks among historic awareness and concerns with regards to the psyche, together with trauma and repression and hypnosis and remedy. Roth turns to the paintings of postmodern theorists in reference to the philosophy of heritage after which examines photography's potential to catch strains of the prior. He considers how we try to be trustworthy to the previous even if we don't care approximately getting it correct or utilizing it productively. Roth concludes with essays protecting pragmatic and reflexive liberal schooling. Drawing on his reviews as a instructor and educational chief, he speaks of dwelling with the earlier with out being ruled by way of it.

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First are the increases in the absolute numbers of people 65 and older. Between 1900 and 1995, the number of elderly people in the United States increased 10-fold, from 3 million to almost 34 million. Second are the increases in the proportion of the population that is elderly. In 1900, the elderly were only 4% of the total United States population; currently they are 13%. Third, the oldest old, those who are 85 or older (“85+”), are growing as a proportion of the 65+ group. 6 million people in the United States were 85 or older, almost 30 times their num- 17 18 THE AMERICAN PSYCHIATRIC PRESS TEXTBOOK OF GERIATRIC NEUROPSYCHIATRY, SECOND EDITION TABLE 2–1.

1996; Verbrugge and Patrick 1995). Both visual and hearing problems often lead to significant physical, social, and emotional problems (Crews 1994; Jerger et al. 1995; Maino 1996). Incontinence is associated with an increased risk of depression, social isolation, and institutionalization (Busby-Whitehead and Johnson 1998; Thom et al. 1997). TABLE 2–7. Percentage of self-reported conditions of noninstitutionalized elderly individuals—United States, 1990–1992 Age Condition 65+ 65–74 75+ Arthritis 48 43 55 Hypertension 37 36 37 Hearing impairment 32 26 41 Heart disease 30 26 36 Deformity/orthopedic impairment 22 20 24 Cataract 17 12 23 Chronic sinusitis 15 16 14 Diabetes 10 11 9 Tinnitus 9 9 8 Visual impairment 8 6 11 Source.

Average annual stroke incidence in the elderly population—Rochester, Minnesota, 1945–1984. Source. Adapted from Broderick et al. 1989. 23 (Barberger-Gateau and Fabrigoule 1997) and the need for long-term care, including admission to nursing homes (Hing et al. 1989). Dementia is also an enormous burden to family caregivers (Office of Technology Assessment Task Force 1988; Schulz et al. 1995; Small et al. 1997). If there is an “epidemic” among the elderly population, it is AD and related dementias (see Chapter 24 in this volume).

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