By Jack Goody
Metals, tradition and Capitalism is an formidable, broad-ranging account of the hunt for metals in Europe and the close to East from the Bronze Age to the commercial Revolution and the connection among this and monetary job, socio-political constructions and the advance of capitalism. carrying on with his feedback of Eurocentric traditions, a subject matter explored within the robbery of historical past (2007) and Renaissances (2009), Jack Goody takes the Bronze Age as a kick off point for a balanced account of the East and the West, looking commonalities that fresh histories put out of your mind. contemplating the position of metals when it comes to early cultures, the eu Renaissance and 'modernity' regularly, Goody explores how the quest for metals entailed different kinds of data, in addition to the humanities, resulting in alterations that experience outlined Europe and the modern international. This landmark textual content, spanning centuries, cultures and continents, delivers to encourage students and scholars around the social sciences.
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Additional info for Metals, Culture and Capitalism: An Essay on the Origins of the Modern World
Metallurgy–Economic aspects–History. 4. Metals–History. 5. Metals–Social aspects–History. 6. Metals–Economic aspects–History. 7. Civilization–History. 8. Civilization, Modern–History. 9. Capitalism– History. 10. Commerce–History. I. Title. 09–dc23 2012015669 ISBN 978-1-107-02962-0 Hardback ISBN 978-1-107-61447-5 Paperback Cambridge University Press has no responsibility for the persistence or accuracy of URLs for external or third-party internet websites referred to in this publication, and does not guarantee that any content on such websites is, or will remain, accurate or appropriate.
Those that remained in that delta later developed the Chalcolithic culture of the Badarians, which was followed by that of the Amratians and then in about 3500 BCE of the Gerzeans. The latter smelted copper, built kilns for painted pottery and voyaged in the Mediterranean by sea, all practices that seem to have come from Mesopotamia. The following pre-dynastic period of 3250 to 3000 BCE used copper more extensively for both weapons and tools, and led directly to the dynastic Egyptians and to their construction of the Pyramids.
The local inhabitants of those areas were encouraged to provide such metals in exchange for the products they lacked. In this way, trade expanded rapidly. The use of metal however spread independently of the urbanisation and of the writing, both of which characterised this phase in the riverain societies, as they later did in Anatolia, in Greece and Italy and then in parts of Europe (Map 1). It spread to the many ‘tribal’ societies in whose lands the metal ores were to be found. Metals are unevenly distributed in the world, much more so than the stone suitable for tool manufacture, such as flint, chert and obsidian, so that they had to be sought out and fetched from these other societies.