Morphometrics: Applications in Biology and Paleontology by Ashraf M. T. Elewa (auth.), Dr. Ashraf M. T. Elewa (eds.)

By Ashraf M. T. Elewa (auth.), Dr. Ashraf M. T. Elewa (eds.)

Morphometrics is likely one of the so much dynamic and well known fields at the modern organic scene. Focusing, because it does, at the quantitative characterization and research of morphological information, scholars more and more see morphometrics as an important supplement to molecular stories of their quests to appreciate the foundation and upkeep of biodiversity. additionally, morphometrics has lately been proven to have direct application in phylogenetic contexts, by means of either discovering new, and sprucing the definition of previous, personality states.

At this juncture within the field’s improvement, a extra updated and thorough therapy of using morphometric techniques in a large choice of contexts is required. The booklet in hand, Morphometrics provides such solutions to real-world questions for real-world systematists.

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2 ±3. 9 ±5. 8 ±7. 3 ±4. 81 38. 43 MGC main land 's Gu lf of California; BCP Baja California penin ula,fFemales, m Males 34 Francisco. J. Garcia-Rodriguez et al. --. s Q) () CO 0. ~ CO U 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 I MGCt T ~ MGCm T ¢ ~ BCPt T ~ BCPm Fig. 3. Means of carapace length of each sample (see text for explanation on abbreviations) Table 2. ~ ~ ~ :; ~ V ~ ~~ • a '/ ~ rf. '. ' ~. 34 78 82 86 90 94 98 102 10678 82 86 90 94 98 102 106 Females Males Fig. 4. ANCOVA of distance # 8. 0001). In BCP's data set the ANCOVA test also indicated significant differences in some variables (Table 2).

Posterior) was slow and the variations are more of degree than of kind. Application of morphometries to Eocene ostracodes from Egypt and Spain 25 " " t ! " • i . I 1 ! ] ! 1' ~ a 1 ! ' Fig. 20. Figures of the outlines of the studied Echinocythereis species with their stratigraphical levels (after Reyment 1988) The advantage of using geometric morphometrics in this example is that the types of shape polymorphism that were previously recognized under the microscope are discriminated and, more important, the relationship between these shape variations are established.

Syst ZooI30:291-308 Krause MK, Arnold WS, Ambrose Jr WG (1994) Morphological and genetic variation among three population of calico scallops, Argopecten gibbus. Journal of Shellfish Research 13 (2): 529-537 41 42 Francisco. J. Garcia-Rodriguez et al. Lourie SA, Pritchard JC, Casey SP, Truong SK, Hall HJ, Vincent ACJ (1996) The taxonomy of Vietnam's exploited seahorses (family Syngnathidae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 66: 231-256 MacLeod N (2002) Phylogenetic signals in morphometric data.

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