Nicaragua (Modern World Nations) by Charles F. Gritzner

By Charles F. Gritzner

Although Nicaragua is this present day regarded as a constructing, war-torn state rife with scandal, the rustic enjoys an extended, wealthy heritage. In 1502, Christopher Columbus used to be the 1st eu to arrive present-day Nicaragua as he sailed alongside the coast of valuable the United States. Later conquered via the Spanish, the neighborhood Indian civilizations suffered from illnesses introduced over by means of the conquistadores and have been enslaved to paintings in necessary mines. Nicaragua received its independence in 1838, however the quarter usually turned embroiled in civil wars. Violent competition to the govt and corruption unfold to all sessions by way of 1978, and in 1979, the Marxist Sandinistas received strength. unfastened elections observed the Sandinistas defeated, and the 1st girl president within the Americas used to be democratically elected in 1990. Violeta Barrios de Chamorro supplied balance that the rustic had lacked for greater than 10 years. regrettably, on the grounds that she didn't dismantle the Sandinista well known military, Nicaragua is now back within the arms of Daniel Ortega and the Sandinista-led executive. The profits received via democratic associations face new demanding situations below the Ortega management. In Nicaragua, find out about the colourful tradition, geography, background, and present country of this significant American nation.

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Indigenous Peoples at the Time of Conquest When the Spaniards arrived in the early sixteenth century, Nicaragua was home to several indigenous groups with quite different backgrounds. They included the Niquirano, Chorotegano, and Chontal. Tribal groups in the western and central portions of what is today Nicaragua had close cultural ties to the Aztecs and the Mayans of modern-day Mexico. Those of the Eastern Lowlands had closer cultural links with the Chibcha, whose homeland was to the south in present-day Panama and Colombia.

Most of the languages were dialects of Pipil, a tongue closely related to Nahuatl, the language of the Aztecs in Mexico. The culture of the Western Lowlands included productive agriculture, cities, and an advanced form of political organization grouped around small kingdoms. All three of these traits suggest a cultural link between the western Nicaraguan Amerindians and the Aztecs. So, too, do the staple foods of the Nicaraguans. Maize (corn), beans, squash, avocados, and fiery hot chili peppers were the most common foods then (and now).

Amerique (with various spellings) is the name given by Amerindians to the range of mountains in Nicaragua that bears the same name today. During his fourth voyage, which began in 1502, Columbus noted that the wooden hulls of his ships were “badly worm-eaten and . . ” The damage had been caused by teredo worms. In order to repair the damage to his vessels, Columbus and his crew put ashore for 11 days. Most historians place his landfall in Costa Rica, but meticulous research by Nicaraguan archaeologist Jorge Espinosa Estrada has shown conclusively that it was along the coast of Nicaragua.

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