The Norman Campaigns in the Balkans, 1081-1108 by Georgios Theotokis

By Georgios Theotokis

The Norman growth in eleventh-century Europe used to be a move of large old value, which observed women and men from the duchy of Normandy settling in England, Italy, Sicily and the center East. The Norman institution within the South is especially attention-grabbing, since it represents the tale of some hundred mercenaries who controlled to set up a principality within the Mediterranean that might later increase in to the dominion of Sicily. during this e-book the writer examines the conflict of 2 assorted "military cultures" - the Normans and the Byzantines - in a single theatre of battle - the Balkans. it's the first examine up to now of the army association of the Norman and Byzantine states within the Mediterranean, and in their total options and their army strategies within the battlefield. it's also the 1st to ascertain the way every one army tradition reacted and tailored to the concepts and strategies of its enemies in Italy and the Balkans. the writer heavily follows the campaigns carried out by means of the Normans within the Byzantine provinces of Illyria and Macedonia and their battles opposed to Imperial armies commanded by way of the Byzantine Emperor. He additionally examines the ways that the Italian-Norman and Byzantine army platforms differed, and their relative efficiencies. Dr Georgios Theotokis is Assistant Professor of eu background at Fatih collage, Istanbul.

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50–2. 60 Second, she would have had direct access to the state archives in Constantinople, judging by the quotations that can be found in her work of a chrysobull (an official order by the emperor which was written down on parchment and then folded and sealed by the official secretary who was responsible for the emperor’s seal) appointing Anna Dalassena as regent,61 a letter to Henry IV of Germany,62 the correspondence between the emperor, John Comnenus, and the inhabitants of Dyrrhachium in 1091,63 and many other letters.

218). 300–11 (p. 220). 5 (pp. 204–7); Sewter, pp. 145–6. 28 the norman campaigns in the balkans, 1081–1108 where exactly they were stationed but remains silent on the composition of each unit of the Norman army. 139 The author of the Gesta is no better informed about the events of 18 October than Anna, providing us only with the basic outline of the events of the day. William’s description lacks some important details, like names and units, along with the description of battle tactics employed by the opposing armies.

459. 56 Chalandon, Alexis I, p. xi. 57 Buckler, Anna Comnena, p. 231. 58 Gesta, introduction, pp. 38–46. 59 Loud, ‘Anna Komnena’, pp. 50–2. 60 Second, she would have had direct access to the state archives in Constantinople, judging by the quotations that can be found in her work of a chrysobull (an official order by the emperor which was written down on parchment and then folded and sealed by the official secretary who was responsible for the emperor’s seal) appointing Anna Dalassena as regent,61 a letter to Henry IV of Germany,62 the correspondence between the emperor, John Comnenus, and the inhabitants of Dyrrhachium in 1091,63 and many other letters.

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