Pigments in Fruits and Vegetables: Genomics and Dietetics by Chunxian Chen

By Chunxian Chen

This accomplished treatise offers a systemic and insightful evaluate of present advances within the biosynthetic genomics/genetics and preventive dietetics of carotenoids, flavonoids and betalains, from a normal standpoint, and in particular fruit and veggies besides. Genomics/genetics makes a speciality of what and the way enzymatic and regulatory genes are all in favour of pigment biosynthesis. Dietetics emphasizes how those pigments give a contribution nutritional/medical advantages to future health, hinder illnesses, and act as power nutraceuticals within the vitamin. The target is to supply study scientists, food experts, fit meals advocates, scholars, and rainbow meals (fruit and vegetable) fans with an built-in source at the biosynthetic and dietetic mechanisms of those pigments.

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BMC Evol Biol 12:3 8. Butler MW, McGraw KJ (2012) Differential effects of early- and late-life access to carotenoids on adult immune function and ornamentation in mallard ducks ( Anas platyrhynchos). PLoS One 7(5):e38043 9. DellaPenna D, Pogson BJ (2006) Vitamin synthesis in plants: tocopherols and carotenoids. Annu Rev Plant Biol 57:711–738 10. Fraser PD, Bramley PM (2004) The biosynthesis and nutritional uses of carotenoids. Prog Lipid Res 43(3):228–265 11. Krinsky NI, Johnson EJ (2005) Carotenoid actions and their relation to health and disease.

However, it is important to emphasize that changes in gene transcription do not necessarily reflect in altered protein abundance and functional activity due to the existence of posttranscriptional regulatory mechanisms of gene expression. Nevertheless, as the transcriptional regulation is the first level of protein synthesis regulation, changes in gene transcription in response to specific stimuli can be considered a primary regulatory response that reflects a change in requirement for specific proteins at a specific time period.

Hirschberg J (2001) Carotenoid biosynthesis in flowering plants. Curr Opin Plant Biol 4(3):210–218 23. Fu Z, Yan J, Zheng Y, Warburton ML, Crouch JH, Li JS (2010) Nucleotide diversity and molecular evolution of the PSY1 gene in Zea mays compared to some other grass species. Theor Appl Genet 120(4):709–720 24. Bartley GE, Scolnik PA (1993) cDNA cloning, expression during development, and genome mapping of PSY2, a second tomato gene encoding phytoene synthase. J Biol Chem 268(34):25718–25721 25. Fraser PD, Kiano JW, Truesdale MR, Schuch W, Bramley PM (1999) Phytoene synthase-2 enzyme activity in tomato does not contribute to carotenoid synthesis in ripening fruit.

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