Planctomycetes: Cell Structure, Origins and Biology by Cheryl Jenkins, James T. Staley (auth.), John A. Fuerst

By Cheryl Jenkins, James T. Staley (auth.), John A. Fuerst (eds.)

This ebook introduces Planctomycetes micro organism and offers intimately with their strange constitution, body structure, genomics and evolutionary value. it's a definitive precis of modern wisdom of this significant special staff of micro organism, microorganisms which problem our very suggestion of the bacterium. Planctomycetes, and their family in the PVC superphylum of area micro organism, together with verrucomicrobia and chlamydia, problem our classical thought of the bacterium and its modes of lifestyles and supply new experimental types for exploring evolutionary telephone biology and the entire variety of ways residing cells should be prepared internally. specific between micro organism, they comprise species owning cells with intracellular membrane-bounded booths and a peptidoglycan-less telephone wall, and micro organism comparable to the anammox organisms acting detailed anaerobic ammonium oxidation major for worldwide nitrogen cycle.

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Fuerst et al. 1997) and later confirmed by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, DNA–DNA hybridisation and chemotaxonomic studies (Schlesner et al. 2004). These data resulted in the reclassification of Pirellula marina as the type strain of a new genus and species Blastopirellula marinaT, while Pirellula sp. SH 1 was assigned the type strain of the genus Rhodopirellula as Rhodopirellula balticaT. Pirellula, Blastopirellula and Rhodopirellula (referred to here as the Pirellula clade) do nonetheless have shared morphological features and are genetically more closely related to each other than to other planctomycetes.

1431443100 Göker M, Cleland D, Saunders E, Lapidus A, Nolan M, Lucas S, Hammon N, Deshpande S, Cheng JF, Tapia R, Han C, Goodwin L, Pitluck S, Liolios K, Pagani I, Ivanova N, Mavromatis K, Pati A, Chen A, Palaniappan K, Land M, Hauser L, Chang YJ, Jeffries CD, Detter JC, Beck B, Woyke T, Bristow J, Eisen JA, Markowitz V, Hugenholtz P, Kyrpides NC, Klenk HP (2011) Complete genome sequence of Isosphaera pallida type strain (IS1BT). Stand Genomic Sci 4:63–71. 4056/sigs. 1533840 Güven D, Dapena A, Kartal B, Schmid MC, Maas B, van de Pas-Schoonen K, Sozen S, Mendez R (2005) Op den Camp HJM, Jetten MSM, Strous M, Schmidt I.

2011). 2 The Class Phycisphaerae The Phycisphaerae is a class within the Planctomycetes phylum that has been very recently described and consists of only three isolated and characterised strains belonging to a single species, Phycisphaera mikurensis (Fukunaga et al. 2009). The Phycisphaerae largely comprise a group of uncultured planctomycetes (formerly referred to as group WPS-1) that were initially identified in soil polluted with polychlorinated biphenyl using culture-independent techniques (Nogales et al.

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