By Joma Nazpary
Within the Nineteen Nineties the previous states of the Soviet Union underwent dramatic and innovative adjustments. because of enforced, neo-liberal reforms the fledgling republics have been uncovered to the regular results of globalised capital. concentrating on Kazakhstan, the place violence and corruption are actually evidence of lifestyle, Joma Nazpary examines the influence of the recent capitalism at the humans of relevant Asia. utilizing in-depth interviews and fabric accrued over greater than a year's fieldwork, Nazpary explores the responses of the dispossessed to their dispossession. He uncovers the development of 'imagined communities', grounded in Soviet nostalgia, which serve to withstand the industrial order, in addition to the simpler survival thoughts, specially of ladies, usually compelled into prostitution the place they're topic to violence and stigma. by means of revealing the level to which Kazakh society has disintegrated and the cultural responses to it, Nazpary argues that dispossession has been a far better unifying strength than even ethnicity or faith. evaluating the results of neo-liberal reforms in Kazakhstan with these in different areas, he concludes that factors, types and outcomes of dispossession in Kazakhstan are specific circumstances of a wider international pattern.
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Additional info for Post-Soviet Chaos: Violence and Dispossession in Kazakhstan (Anthropology, Culture and Society Series)
A considerable number of migrant Kazakhs who were tenants are not reflected in these figures. Up to 1992 the neighbourhood had preserved the shape it took in the 1970s. Since then it has changed with five new kiosks, a restaurant, a shashlyk bar, a furniture shop, a food shop and the illegal street market. As a result of this development, many different goods from different countries are available in the neighbourhood. Even the state shop offers foreign goods, although a considerable part of its goods are still local ones.
This kind of the dichotomising conscious ness has its root in the fact that both the emergence of the new rich and the impoverishment of the majority of people have happened almost overnight, and through extra-economic methods used by the state officials and mafia. In the following I will look at some of these methods, often mentioned by the dispossessed. Privatisation as theft Up to the end of 1996, 15,101 enterprises were privatised in the three following ways or a combination of them: the management and workers bought the enterprise, or there was a direct sale to buyers, or sale through auction (Kazakhstan Economic Trends, fourth quarter 1996: p.
The negotia tion process and the sums in question depend on the owner’s contacts. If he has influential contacts, he mentions them to the inspector, and then the inspector will contact the mentioned person(s). If he finds them powerful enough and they confirm that the owner is their person, then the owner, depending on the influence of his patron, may avoid paying at all or pay a much smaller sum. Roslan said that inspectors take part of the money for themselves and pass the rest above. Each inspector has to pass a minimum amount of money to his bosses each month or he will be sacked.