By Carolyn Herbst Lewis
During this vigorous and fascinating paintings, Carolyn Lewis explores how clinical practitioners, specially kin physicians, located themselves because the guardians of american citizens' sexual wellbeing and fitness in the course of the early years of the chilly struggle. She argues that many medical professionals considered their sufferers' sexual conduct as greater than a subject matter of non-public health and wellbeing. They believed pleasant sexual courting among heterosexual with very particular attributes and bounds was once the root of a winning marriage, a basic resource of happiness within the American family members, and a very important development block of a safe country. Drawing on thousands of articles and editorials in scientific journals in addition to different renowned literature, Lewis lines how doctors outlined and bolstered heterosexuality within the mid-twentieth century, giving convinced heterosexual wants and acts a veritable stamp of approval whereas labeling others as bad or deviant. Lewis hyperlinks their prescriptive therapy to chilly battle anxieties approximately sexual norms, gender roles, and nationwide safety. medical professionals of the time, Lewis argues, believed that "unhealthy" sexual acts, from same-sex wants to female-dominant acts, may cause own and marital catastrophe; in brief, says Lewis, they have been "un-American."
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Extra info for Prescription for Heterosexuality: Sexual Citizenship in the Cold War Era
In 1951 the editors of jama committed themselves and, by extension, the entire medical profession to a vaginal-Â�transfer theory of female sexufemale heterosexual health â•… 41 lewis—final pages 41 ality that reﬂected the inﬂuence of Bergler and Hitschmann. Physician G. ’â†œ” As a well-Â�known specialist in reproductive physiology and marital sexuality, Kelly could not have been ignorant of the deﬁnition of frigidity maintained by medical professionals in this period. Yet he challenged the editors to clarify their beliefs about female sexual function in the most widely read forum of the profession.
More important, it would violate the commitment to self-Â�determination, freedom of choice, and personal sovereignty imbedded in the nation’s history. As WilliamÂ€H. ”56 Physicians frequently couched their critique of nationalized health-Â�care proposals in Cold War rhetoric, positioning themselves as the defenders of the individual patient and the national community from socialist and Communist encroachment. This was seen rather explicitly in the presidential oath adopted by the ama in 1950. The new president, JohnÂ€W.
In times of intense anxiety and uncertainty, the physician, they suggested, served as a source of strength and direction. “In civilian practice the physician is more than a healer and source of comfort to those who need him,” explained physician Dean Schamber to the readers of the Pennsylvania Medical Journal in 1960. Â€. ”64 In their consideration of the physician’s role as community leader, the medical profession also considered the psychological impact of nuclear war 28â•… american physicians and sexual defense lewis—final pages 28 on the American populace.